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Arab Republic of Egypt : Strategic Options for Early Childhood Education

ACHIEVEMENT ACTIVE LEARNING ACUTE MALNUTRITION ADULT ILLITERACY AGE GROUPS AGED ANEMIA BASIC EDUCATION CHILD CARE CHILD CARE CENTERS CHILD HEALTH CHILDCARE CHILDREN CHRONIC MALNUTRITION CLASS SIZE CLASSROOM SETTING CLASSROOMS COGNITION COMPULSORY EDUCATION CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CURRICULUM CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENTAL IMPACT DIARRHEA DISADVANTAGED COMMUNITIES EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT EARLY CHILDHOOD EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION EARLY CHILDHOOD PROGRAMS EARLY EDUCATION ECCD ECD EDUCATION EDUCATION LEVEL EDUCATION POLICIES EDUCATION PROGRAMS EDUCATION SECTOR EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT EDUCATIONAL EVALUATION ENROLLMENT RATE ENROLLMENT RATES FAMILIES GENDER GER GIRLS GROSS ENROLLMENT GROSS ENROLLMENT RATES HEALTH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IMMUNIZATION INFANTS INFECTION INTERVENTIONS IRON KINDERGARTEN LANGUAGE SKILLS LEARNING LEVELS OF EDUCATION LITERACY PROGRAMS MALNUTRITION MEASLES MEDICAL TREATMENT MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES MORTALITY MORTALITY RATES NER NET ENROLLMENT NON-FORMAL EDUCATION NURSERY SCHOOL NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL STATUS OLD CHILDREN PAPERS PARASITES PARENT EDUCATION PARENT PARTICIPATION PARENTS PARTNERSHIP PHYSICAL ACTIVITY POOR POOR CHILDREN PRESCHOOL PROGRAMS PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOLING PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCTIVITY PUBLIC SCHOOLS PUBLIC SECTOR QUALITY CONTROL QUALITY OF EDUCATION READING REPETITION REPETITION RATES RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS RURAL AREAS SCHOLARSHIPS SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION SCHOOL READINESS SCHOOLS SECONDARY EDUCATION SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL SKILLS STUNTING TEACHER TEACHER DEPLOYMENT TEACHER QUALIFICATIONS TEACHERS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TERTIARY EDUCATION UNDERNUTRITION WASTING WORKPLACE YOUNG CHILDREN EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT KINDERGARTEN EDUCATION OF DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN PRIVATE SCHOOLS NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS RELIGIOUS EDUCATION EDUCATION & THE POOR ENROLMENT RATIO REGIONAL DISPARITY GENDER DIFFERENCES TEACHER TRAINING CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT NUTRITION & HEALTH CARE QUALITY OF EDUCATION INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY REGULATORY FRAMEWORK PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Egypt, Arab Republic of
2013-08-21T20:48:39Z | 2013-08-21T20:48:39Z | 2002-09

In 2001,the Egyptian government announced its intention to build on progress toward improved child health, and education by increasing enrollment rates in kindergarten (KG) programs, and improving early childhood education. The repot examines the status of KG enrollment, stipulating fifty percent is in private schools, and, most programs in the private sector are developed, and managed by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and religious schools. Notwithstanding, poor children still face many barriers to KG enrollment: there is a strong correlation between gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, and gross enrollment in KG in Egypt - the poorest governorates in Upper, and Lower Egypt have the lowest KG enrollment rates, and, there are disparities between KG enrollment rates for girls, and boys. Key priorities for KG expansion suggest the adoption of comprehensive approaches to pre-service, and in-service training; development of an official KG curriculum; integrated health and nutrition services to improve ability to learn; and, adoption of a participatory approach to quality improvement. Strategies to expand KG should focus on strengthening coordination, and management of early childhood education (ECE), to improve access to public KG, but most importantly, provide support for teacher training through supervision, and mentoring programs. Restrictions to private sector participation in public KG expansion should be revised within a regulatory framework, while incentives should be created for improved access to disadvantaged children.

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