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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study

Nigeria Poverty : Environmental Linkages in the Natural Resource Sector - Empirical Evidence from Nigerian Case Studies with Policy Implications and Recommendations

ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT NATURAL RESOURCE UTILIZATION CASE STUDIES AGRICULTURAL INCOME HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTIVITY INCOME VARIABILITY INCENTIVES COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENTS SAVINGS BEHAVIOR HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION INCOME GENERATION RESOURCES DEPLETION SAFEGUARDS DECENTRALIZATION IN MANAGEMENT DIVERSIFICATION LINKAGES HUMAN CAPITAL REINVESTMENTS AGGREGATE INCOME AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AVAILABLE DATA AVERAGE ANNUAL CAPITA GROWTH CASE STUDIES CASE STUDY CITIZENS COMMON PROPERTY COMMUNITY LEVEL CURRENCY UNIT DATA COLLECTION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPING COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME DIRECT IMPACT DISTRIBUTIONAL ANALYSIS DONOR COMMUNITY ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT ECONOMICS EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE EMPIRICAL RESEARCH EMPIRICAL RESULTS EMPIRICAL WORK EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT STATUS ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL GOODS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES EXCHANGE RATE EXPENDITURES EXPLOITATION EXTERNAL SHOCKS EXTERNALITIES FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY FISHERIES FORESTRY HEALTH CARE HEALTH STATUS HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD INCOMES HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INCOME INCOME GENERATION INCOME INDIVIDUALS INCOME INEQUALITY INCOME QUINTILES INCOME SHOCKS INCOME SOURCES INCOMES INCREASED INEQUALITY INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT LAND USE LIFE EXPECTANCY LOCAL COMMUNITIES LOCAL CONDITIONS LOCAL LEVELS LOW INCOME MEAN INCOMES MORTALITY NATIONAL AVERAGE NATIONAL ECONOMY NATIONAL LEVEL NATURAL CAPITAL NATURAL RESOURCE BASE NATURAL RESOURCES NONRENEWABLE RESOURCES NUTRITION OIL OVERGRAZING PER CAPITA GROWTH PERVERSE SUBSIDIES POLICY CHOICES POLICY DECISIONS POLICY DESIGN POLICY DEVELOPMENT POLICY DIRECTIONS POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY OPTIONS POLITICAL LEADERSHIP POLLUTION POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY INCIDENCE POVERTY LEVELS POVERTY LINE POVERTY RATE POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POVERTY TRENDS PRIMARY EDUCATION PRODUCTIVE POTENTIAL PRODUCTIVITY PROPERTY RIGHTS QUALITY CONTROL RECYCLING REDUCING POVERTY RENEWABLE RESOURCES RESOURCE USE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT RURAL APPRAISAL RURAL AREAS RURAL ECONOMY RURAL HOUSEHOLDS RURAL POOR RURAL POVERTY SAMPLE HOUSEHOLDS SAVINGS SECONDARY SOURCES SOCIAL CAPITAL SOCIAL CONFLICT SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL SERVICES SOIL PRODUCTIVITY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE RESOURCE USE TACKLING POVERTY TASK TEAM LEADER TIMBER URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTERS URBANIZATION WATER SUPPLY WETLANDS
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Washington, DC
Africa | Nigeria
2013-07-25T21:38:48Z | 2013-07-25T21:38:48Z | 2003-06-30

This study explores the international development community's understanding of poverty and illustrates how it is related to environmental degradation. the study relies on three sources: a comprehensive general literature review, a review of past donor interventions in Nigeria, and original empirical evidence. The linkages found between poverty and environmental degradation are based on 240 household surveys analyzed by income quintiles investigated at two sites in Nigeria: the Hadejia-Nguru Wetlands in the North and the Niger Delta in the South. Lessons relating "Causality and Linkages" (Chapter 2) explore various perceptions of how poverty "causes" environmental degradation, how environmental degradation "causes" poverty, or how other ofseting or reinforcing factors may influence the linkages between poverty and environmental quality. The empirical findings from the two study sites provide the primary basis for subsequent policy recommendations. Chapter 3 outlines the site selection process, summarizes the methods used, and provides detailed descriptive statistics for the two sites. the chapter concludes with an interpretation of key findings. Chapter 4 comences with a general discussion of available policies and strategies, including issues relating to self-sufficiency, precautionary principle, and adaptive co-management.Specific recommended strategies for Nigeria are based on the empirical findings from the case studies. An agenda for incorporating these strategies within ongoing Nigerian and donor initiatives concludes this chapter.

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