This note on social protection has as its objective establishing an exhaustive analysis/diagnosis of the existing social protection framework and of preparing an integrated approach through developing better social protection priorities and plans of actions. It a) identifies the social risks which the Moroccan people face generally; b) examines current social protection initiatives (public, private, and civil society-sponsored) set up to reduce poverty and the vulnerability of the population to shocks to their income and standard of living in both rural and urban environments; and c) identifies the different elements needed for an effective social protection strategy as well as analyzes the current strategies undertaken by the World Bank and other donors. This study is precipitated by numerous sectoral studies done previously. It completes the last "Poverty Update" (report no. 21506) and the last Country Assistance Strategy for Morocco (report no. 22115).