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Arab Republic of Egypt : Cost Assessment of Environmental Degradation

AGRICULTURE AIR AIR POLLUTION AIR QUALITY BENCHMARK CANCER COASTAL AREAS COST ANALYSIS DRINKING WATER DRINKING WATER QUALITY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC VALUE ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS ENVIRONMENTAL AREAS ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ENVIRONMENTAL LAW ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE EPIDEMIOLOGY EXCHANGE RATE FUELS FUTURE GENERATIONS GDP GDP PER CAPITA GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HOSPITAL WASTE HYGIENE INCOME INDUSTRIAL WASTE IRREVERSIBILITY LEGISLATION MARGINAL ANALYSIS MONITORING DATA MORBIDITY MORTALITY NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCE ECONOMICS NATURAL RESOURCES POVERTY ALLEVIATION PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCTIVITY PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC SECTOR QUALITY OF LIFE QUALITY OF WATER RECREATIONAL AREAS REMEDIAL ACTION REMEDIAL ACTIONS RESOURCES MANAGEMENT RIVERS SAFE WATER SOIL DEGRADATION SOIL EROSION SOIL POLLUTION SOIL PRODUCTIVITY SOLID WASTE STATISTICAL DATA TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE URBAN AIR POLLUTION VALUATION WASTE WASTE MANAGEMENT WASTEWATER WATER POLLUTION WATER RESOURCES WTP ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION REMEDIAL ACTIONS ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS DAMAGE ASSESSMENT SOCIOECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DAMAGE FIGURES GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT AIR POLLUTION SOIL DEGRADATION SOIL EROSION SALINITY WATER POLLUTION SAFE WATER SUPPLY SANITATION HYGIENE COASTAL EROSION WASTE MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH NATURAL RESOURCE DEPLETION INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS MEDICAL WASTES WASTEWATER TREATMENT ANALYTICAL METHODS
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Egypt, Arab Republic of
2013-08-23T18:28:27Z | 2013-08-23T18:28:27Z | 2002-06-29

The report is a first step in a process towards the use of environmental damage cost assessments, for priority setting, and as an instrument for integrating environment, into economic, and social development. The report provides estimates of damage, and remediation cost for several areas of the environment, and, as areas of priority are identified, further analysis would be required for more accurate estimates. The damage cost of environmental degradation in Egypt in 1999, is estimated at 3.2-6.4 percent of GDP, with a mean estimate of 4.8 of GDP. In addition, the damage cost to the global environment is estimated at 0.6 percent of GDP. The cost of air pollution is assessed at 1.1-3.2 percent of GDP (urban outdoor and rural indoor), followed by soil degradation at 1.0-1.4 percent (erosion and salinity). In the area of water, the damage cost is estimated at 0.7-1.2 percent of GDP (mostly from the lack of safe water, sanitation and hygiene). Cost of coastal zone degradation is estimated at 0.2.-0.4 percent of GDP, and, inadequate waste management at around 0.2 percent of GDP. Of the total damage cost, about two thirds comes from damages to health, and a third from natural resource degradation. It should be noted that no cost estimate is provided for degradation associated with industrial, hazardous, and hospital waste, as sufficient data were unavailable. Similarly, cost assessment of degradation associated with inadequately treated wastewater is limited, due to data constraints. Cost is also presented for a limited number of remedial actions, in each of the environmental areas for which damage cost is estimated. More detailed analysis is required in future work, in order to compare benefits of remediation, to reduction in damage marginal cost.

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