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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

Islamic Republic of Iran : An Agricultural Policy Note

AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL LANDS AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AGRICULTURAL PERFORMANCE AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AGRICULTURAL TRADE AGRICULTURE ANIMAL PRODUCTION ANIMAL PRODUCTS ARABLE LAND BARLEY CATTLE CENTRAL BANK CEREALS COMMODITIES COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE CONSUMERS COTTON CROP LANDS CROPS DECENTRALIZATION DECISION MAKING DEFORESTATION DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY DIVISION OF LABOR ECOLOGICAL FACTORS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION ECONOMIC POLICY REFORM ECONOMIC SECTORS EGGS EMPLOYMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY EXCHANGE RATE EXPORTS EXTENSION FAO FARMERS FARMING FARMING SYSTEMS FARMS FEED FOOD SECURITY FOOD SUPPLIES FOREIGN COMPETITION FORESTRY FRUITS GDP GENDER GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES HEALTH CARE HOUSEHOLDS HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IMPORTS INCOME INPUT MARKETS IRRIGATION LABOR FORCE LAND REFORM LIVESTOCK LIVING CONDITIONS LIVING STANDARDS MARGINAL LANDS MARKET LIBERALIZATION MARKETING OIL OVERGRAZING POULTRY POVERTY LINE POVERTY REDUCTION PRICE CONTROLS PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCTIVITY PROPERTY RIGHTS PUBLIC EXPENDITURES REGULATORY FRAMEWORK RICE ROOTS RURAL AREAS RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL HOUSEHOLDS RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL POPULATION RURAL POVERTY RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION RURAL ROADS SHEEP SMALL FARMERS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TARIFF BARRIERS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TERMS OF TRADE TEXTILES TRADE POLICIES TRADE POLICY TRADE REFORMS TRANSPORT VALUE ADDED VEGETABLES WATER EROSION WATER RESOURCES WHEAT WIND EROSION WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE AGRICULTURAL POLICY STRUCTURAL APPROACHES INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS SECTORAL POLICY RURAL POVERTY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH POLICY POLICY DIALOGUES NATURAL RESOURCE DEPLETION DEFORESTATION SOIL EROSION AGRICULTURAL MARKETS MARKET-BASED INSTRUMENTS COMMODITY MARKETS LAND OWNERSHIP FRAGMENTATION AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS FOOD SECURITY AGRICULTURAL PRICING SOCIAL ASPECTS OF AGRICULTURE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE & ADVISORY SERVICES KNOWLEDGE SHARING PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS LENDING OPERATIONS
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Iran, Islamic Republic of
2013-09-05T21:48:22Z | 2013-09-05T21:48:22Z | 2004-06-22

This report addresses key structural, institutional, and sectoral policy impediments to achieving a higher, and sustained economic growth in the sector, and poverty reduction in rural areas of Iran. It focuses mainly on an assessment of agricultural development outcomes, a discussion of the agricultural policy agenda, and provides recommendations for future policy dialogue between the Bank, and the Government of Iran. On examining development outcomes, the report assesses the agricultural sector's contribution, which - though in decline - has displayed rapid growth (4.9 percent) during the course of the 1990's; identifies the strong rural content of poverty in Iran, where the proportion of the rural population living in households with income below the poverty line, is the highest; and, examines the increasing pressures on the natural resources, with deforestation and erosion reaching alarming proportions. Policy in the sector has been driven largely by the need to rely on domestic production, to meet the needs of a rapidly increasing demand. However, and despite significant rural development achievements, an inadequate market structure, and organization for commodity markets, land fragmentation, and related social issues, are hindering further development in agriculture and rural areas. Iran's agricultural exports face several constraints that arise from conflicting domestic policies relating to production, storage, distribution, food security, and pricing concerns. In the short-term, the Bank could provide input into the development of a Strategic Framework for Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development, in the form of high impact focused technical studies, following the approach used with the energy subsidies. This could lead eventually to a comprehensive, and participatory Agricultural and Rural Development Strategy Note. Knowledge sharing with the private, and public sector requiring first in-depth studies, could be provided before putting in place a series of show-case projects, to transfer international best-practices in areas such as, marketing, land reform, or human development.

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