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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study

United Republic of Tanzania : Advancing Nutrition for Long-Term Equitable Growth

ACCESS TO INFORMATION AGED AGRICULTURAL SECTOR ANEMIA ANIMAL PROTEIN BABIES BABY BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE BLINDNESS BREAST FEEDING BREAST MILK BREASTFEEDING BREASTFEEDING PROMOTION CALCIUM CALORIC INTAKE CALORIE INTAKE CARBOHYDRATES CAREGIVERS CHILD BIRTH CHILD CARE CHILD CARE PROGRAMS CHILD DEATHS CHILD DEVELOPMENT CHILD MALNUTRITION CHILD MORTALITY CHILD SURVIVAL CHILD-CARE CHILDHOOD MALNUTRITION CHILDHOOD MORTALITY CHRONIC ILLNESS CHRONIC MALNUTRITION CLEAN WATER COMMUNICABLE DISEASES COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT COOKING CURATIVE HEALTH CARE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DIARRHEA DIET DIETARY DIVERSITY DIETARY ENERGY DIETS DISEASES EARLY CHILDHOOD EARLY CHILDHOOD MORTALITY ECONOMIC GROWTH EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT ENERGY CONSUMPTION ESSENTIAL NUTRIENT EXISTING RESOURCES EXTREME POVERTY FAMILIES FLOUR FOOD AVAILABILITY FOOD FORTIFICATION FOOD INSECURITY FOOD INTAKE FOOD SECURITY FOOD SHORTAGES FOOD SUPPLEMENTATION FRUIT GBS GENDER EQUALITY GOITER GROWTH RETARDATION HEALTH CARE SYSTEM HEALTH CENTERS HEALTH CONSEQUENCES HEALTH PROBLEMS HEALTH SECTOR HEALTH SYSTEM HIV HOME GARDENS HOSPITAL HOSPITALIZATION HOSPITALS HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSING HUMAN BODY HUMAN CAPITAL HUNGER HYGIENE ILL HEALTH ILLNESS IMMUNE SYSTEM IMMUNIZATION INCOME GROWTH INCOME POVERTY INFANT INFANT MORTALITY INFANT MORTALITY RATES INFECTION INFECTIOUS DISEASES INFORMATION SYSTEM INTERVENTION IODINE IODINE DEFICIENCY IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDERS IRON IRON DEFICIENCIES IRON DEFICIENCY KWASHIORKOR LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LIMITED RESOURCES LIVE BIRTHS LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT LIVING CONDITIONS LOW BIRTH WEIGHT LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS MALARIA MALNOURISHED CHILDREN MALNUTRITION MALNUTRITION RATES MARKETING MATERNAL DEATH MATERNAL DEATHS MATERNAL HEALTH MATERNAL MORTALITY MATERNAL NUTRITION MEASLES MEDICAL STAFF MICRONUTRIENTS MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINERAL MINERALS MINISTRY OF HEALTH MORBIDITY MORTALITY RATES MOTHER NATIONAL ACTION NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL EXPERTISE NEO-NATAL MORTALITY NEWBORN NEWBORNS NURSING NUTRIENT NUTRIENT DEFICIENCY NUTRIENT SUPPLEMENTS NUTRIENTS NUTRITION NUTRITION DEFICIENCIES NUTRITION EDUCATION NUTRITION INDICATORS NUTRITION INTERVENTIONS NUTRITION OUTCOMES NUTRITION PROBLEMS NUTRITION PROGRAMS NUTRITION REVIEW NUTRITION SECTOR NUTRITION SERVICES NUTRITIONAL ANEMIA NUTRITIONAL STATUS NUTRITIONISTS OBESITY ORS PARASITES PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT PHYSICAL GROWTH POLICY MAKERS POOR HEALTH POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR NUTRITION POOR POLICY POORER HOUSEHOLDS POVERTY REDUCTION PREGNANCIES PREGNANCY PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS PREGNANT WOMEN PRENATAL CARE PRIMARY SCHOOL PRODUCTIVITY PROGRESS PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEM PUBLIC SERVICE PUBLIC SERVICES RESPECT RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS RICE RURAL AREAS RURAL VILLAGES RURAL WOMEN SAFE WATER SALT IODIZATION SANITATION SANITATION FACILITIES SCARCE RESOURCES SCHOOL CHILDREN SCHOOLING SERIOUS MALNUTRITION SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE PROVIDERS SEVERE MALNUTRITION SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES SOCIAL ACTION SOCIAL MARKETING SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL WELFARE STUNTED CHILDREN STUNTING SUGAR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE UNDER 5 MORTALITY UNDER FIVE MORTALITY UNDERNUTRITION UNDERWEIGHT CHILDREN UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION URBAN AREAS URBAN WOMEN VEGETABLES VICIOUS CYCLE VITAMIN VITAMIN A VITAMIN A DEFICIENCY VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTATION VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTS VITAMIN B VITAMIN B12 VITAMIN DEFICIENCIES VITAMINS VOCATIONAL TRAINING WASTE WASTED CHILDREN WASTING WATER SUPPLY WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG CHILDREN ZINC DEFICIENCY
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Washington, DC
Africa | East Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Tanzania
2012-06-11T15:07:00Z | 2012-06-11T15:07:00Z | 2007-12

This report explores the importance of nutrition for Tanzania. It demonstrates that the prevalence of malnutrition is very high. In fact, Tanzania appears to be affected by a double burden of malnutrition, with a very high incidence of undernourished children, but with a high prevalence of overweight and obese adults as well, particularly in urban areas. The report highlights the high (economic and welfare) costs associated to such high rates of malnutrition by discussing the consequence of malnutrition for infant mortality, education outcomes, the health system and labor productivity. For nutrition to be successfully advanced high level support is needed. Efforts to advance nutrition in Tanzania have made before, with the earliest attempts dating back to the late 1970s. Most have not been very successful. To enhance the likelihood of success this time, commitment from all stakeholders is needed. A social contract that is announced at a public event by a high level policy maker may be one way to commit the actors to change. Such a social contract would have to set clear objectives and a timeline, it would have to define roles and responsibilities of the various stakeholders and provide an accountability framework. The high incidence of malnutrition thus presents an opportunity to enhance school performance, reduce maternal and infant and child mortality and to improve the ability of the labor force to be productive.

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