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Economic & Sector Work :: Country Economic Memorandum

Niger - Accelerating Growth and Achieving the Millennium Development Goals : Diagnosis and the Policy Agenda

ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE ACCOUNTABILITY AGGREGATE DEMAND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION BANKING SECTOR BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE BASIC SOCIAL SERVICES BENEFIT ANALYSIS BUSINESS CYCLES BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT CAPITAL FORMATION CHILD DELIVERY CHILD MORTALITY CHILD MORTALITY RATE CHILDBEARING CITIZENS COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE CORRUPTION DEBT DEFORESTATION DEMOGRAPHIC GROWTH DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURE DEVELOPMENT POLICY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES DIMINISHING RETURNS DISEASES DISSEMINATION ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES ECONOMIC POLICIES ECONOMIES OF SCALE ECONOMISTS EMPOWERING WOMEN ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY EQUILIBRIUM ESSENTIAL DRUGS ESSENTIAL HEALTH SERVICES EXCHANGE RATE EXPENDITURES EXPLOITATION FERTILITY FERTILITY RATE FERTILITY RATES FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FOOD SECURITY FOREIGN AID FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT GENDER BIAS GENDER DISPARITIES GENDER PARITY GOVERNANCE INDICATORS GOVERNANCE ISSUES GOVERNANCE REFORM GOVERNMENT POLICIES GROSS ENROLLMENT RATIO GROWTH PATH GROWTH PERFORMANCE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE HEALTH POLICIES HEALTH SECTOR HEALTH SERVICES HIV HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ILLITERACY ILLNESS IMPORTS IMPROVING GOVERNANCE IMPROVING HEALTH CARE INCIDENCE OF POVERTY INCOME INCOME DISTRIBUTION INCOME LEVELS INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS INFANT INFANT MORTALITY INFLATION INFORMATION SYSTEM INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INSTITUTIONAL WEAKNESSES INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY INVESTMENT CLIMATE ISSUE OF GENDER LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LAND TENURE LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT LIFE EXPECTANCY LIMITED RESOURCES LIVING STANDARDS LOW INCOME COUNTRIES LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES LOWER FERTILITY MACROECONOMICS MALARIA MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS MARRIAGE AGE MATERNAL MORTALITY MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE MEAT MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINISTRY OF HEALTH MINISTRY OF POPULATION MODERNIZATION MORTALITY MOTHER NATIONAL POLICIES NATIONAL POPULATION NATIONAL POPULATION POLICY NATIONAL STRATEGY NATURAL DISASTERS NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCES NUTRITION OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE ORPHANS PANDEMIC PER CAPITA INCOME POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY MAKERS POLICY RESPONSE POLITICAL INSTABILITY POLITICAL TURMOIL POLLUTION POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATE POPULATION GROWTH RATES POTENTIAL INVESTORS POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PRESENT VALUE PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PRODUCERS PRODUCTIVITY PROGRESS PROVISION OF FAMILY PLANNING PUBLIC EDUCATION PUBLIC EXPENDITURES PUBLIC GOOD PUBLIC GOODS PUBLIC SERVICES QUALITY OF CARE QUALITY OF LIFE QUALITY STANDARDS QUOTAS RAPID POPULATION GROWTH RATE OF POPULATION GROWTH REFRIGERATION REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RESOURCES MANAGEMENT RESPECT RIGHTS OF WOMEN RULE OF LAW RURAL AREAS RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL POVERTY RURAL WOMEN SAFE DRINKING WATER SAFE WATER SANITATION SANITATION FACILITIES SAVINGS SCARCE RESOURCES SCHOOL LEVELS SECONDARY EDUCATION SERVICE DELIVERY SLUM DWELLERS SOCIAL ACTION SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE SOCIAL SECTORS SOIL DEGRADATION SPECIFIC INCENTIVES STATE UNIVERSITY STRATEGIC PRIORITIES STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT SURVIVAL RATE SUSTAINABLE GROWTH TAX REFORM TAX REFORMS TAX REVENUE TAXATION TERMS OF TRADE TRANSPORTATION TREATY TUBERCULOSIS UNIVERSAL ACCESS UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTERS URBAN DEVELOPMENT USER FEES VULNERABILITY WAGES WORK BURDENS WORK FORCE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
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Washington, DC
Africa | Niger
2012-06-11T15:48:21Z | 2012-06-11T15:48:21Z | 2007-09

This report has the following objectives: (i) identify the underlying constraints to strong and sustained growth, in particular, the dynamic circles that lock Niger in a low-growth/high poverty equilibrium; (ii) understand the key determinants of growth and poverty traps and the role increased foreign aid could play to promote growth and help achieve the MillenniumDevelopment Goals (MDGs); and (iii) help the Government of Niger design a strategy to accelerating growth and human development: Strategy Paper for Human Development (SPAHD). This report is organized as follows: Chapter 1 describes the main features of Niger's economy from a Social Accounting Matrix perspective. It aims to analyze the potential linkages between sectors and the impact a policy shock of an increased public investment could have on Niger's economy. Chapter 2 reviews Niger's growth performance over the past three decades. It draws some policy lessons critical to the design of a growth strategy for Niger. Chapter 3 provides a snapshot of where Niger stands in achieving the MDGs with less than a decade remaining. It examines the reasons why Niger is falling short of the goals, describes the recent progress, and highlights the challenges ahead. Chapter 4 analyzes the constraints to strong and sustained growth with particular focus on poverty traps. Chapter 5 discusses the macro and micro foundations for strong growth and achieving the MDGs. It examines the post stabilization macroeconomic policy required to enhance the macroeconomic foundations of growth. It also identifies the engines of growth and highlights the cross-cutting issues for improving the business environment. In addition, the chapter discusses the role the private sector can play in Niger's quest to achieve the MDGs. Chapter 6 analyzes the potential impact that increased foreign aid would have on growth, poverty, and other MDGs using Niger's macroeconomic model. It focuses mainly on the links between foreign aid, the level and composition of public investment - which is disaggregated into education, infrastructure, and health -- the supply-side effects of public capital, growth, poverty, and other MDGs. Furthermore, it discusses the impact of three policy experiments on growth and the MDGs, including an increase in foreign aid (namely grants), debt relief, and a combined increase in foreign aid and tax reforms. Finally, it highlights the importance of improving governance to maximize the impact of domestic reforms and increased foreign aid on growth and the MDGs. Chapter 7 concludes the report and draws up policy recommendations, highlighting the policy priorities needed to accelerate growth and achieve the MDGs.

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