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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study

Benin - Health, Nutrition and Population : Health and Poverty Analytical Report

AGED ANEMIA ANTENATAL CARE ANTENATAL VISITS BABIES BEDS BIRTH SPACING BIRTHS BLOOD PRODUCTS BREAST FEEDING BREASTFEEDING BURDEN OF DISEASE CANCER CASE MANAGEMENT CHILD BIRTH CHILD DEATHS CHILD HEALTH CHILD MALNUTRITION CHILD MORTALITY CHILD MORTALITY FACTORS CHILDBIRTH CHILDREN PER WOMAN CHOLERA CHRONIC MALNUTRITION CITIZENS CLINICAL SERVICES COMMUNITY HEALTH COMMUNITY HEALTH CARE COMPLICATIONS CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURE DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION DIARRHEA DRUGS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC STATUS ECOSYSTEM EMERGENCY OBSTETRICAL CARE EPIDEMIC EPIDEMIOLOGICAL TRANSITION ESSENTIAL DRUGS EXCESS MORTALITY FAMILIES FERTILITY FERTILITY RATES FOOD INSECURITY HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS HEALTH CARE SERVICES HEALTH CARE SPENDING HEALTH CARE SYSTEM HEALTH CENTERS HEALTH EXPENDITURES HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH FACILITY HEALTH INDICATORS HEALTH INFORMATION HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEM HEALTH INTERVENTIONS HEALTH NUTRITION HEALTH POLICY HEALTH PROBLEMS HEALTH RESULTS HEALTH SECTOR HEALTH SERVICES HEALTH STRATEGY HEALTH SYSTEM HEALTH SYSTEM PERFORMANCE HEALTH WORKERS HEALTHY BEHAVIORS HIGH FERTILITY HIGH FERTILITY RATE HIGH-RISK HIGH-RISK POPULATIONS HIV HIV/AIDS HOSPITAL HOSPITALIZATION HOSPITALS HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT HUMAN RIGHTS HYGIENE HYPERTENSION IMMUNIZATION IMPACT ON CHILDREN IMPACT ON HEALTH INCIDENCE OF MALARIA INCOME INCOME INEQUALITY INFANT INFANT MORTALITY INFECTION INFECTIOUS DISEASES INFORMATION SYSTEM INSECTICIDE IMPREGNATED MOSQUITO NETS INTEGRATION INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS INTERVENTION IODINE IRON IRON DEFICIENCY LABOR MARKET LEVEL OF EDUCATION LIFE EXPECTANCY LIVING CONDITIONS LOCAL POPULATION LOW BIRTH WEIGHT MALARIA MALARIA INCIDENCE MALNUTRITION SITUATION MANDATES MATERNAL DEATHS MATERNAL HEALTH MATERNAL MORTALITY MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO MATERNITY HOSPITALS MEDICAL TREATMENT MEDICINES MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES MICRONUTRIENTS MIDWIFE MIDWIVES MIGRATION MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINISTRY OF HEALTH MORBIDITY MORTALITY MORTALITY RATES MOSQUITO NET MOSQUITO NETS MOTHER NATIONAL HEALTH NATIONAL POLICY NEONATAL MORTALITY NEWBORN NEWBORN HEALTH NEWBORNS NUMBER OF CHILDREN NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL PRACTICES NUTRITIONAL STATUS ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY ORT PATIENT PATIENTS PLACE OF RESIDENCE POPULATION CENSUS POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION DIVISION POPULATION FORECASTS POPULATION FUND POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATE POPULATION STRATEGY PRACTITIONERS PREGNANT WOMEN PREVALENCE OF CONTRACEPTION PRIMARY CARE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE PROBABILITY PRODUCTIVITY PROGRESS PROMOTION OF HEALTH PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEM QUALITY OF CARE QUALITY SERVICES REFERRAL SYSTEM RESPECT RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS RISK FACTORS RULE OF LAW RURAL AREAS RURAL WOMEN SANITATION SCHOOLS SERVICE UTILIZATION SERVICES FOR CHILDREN SKILLED STAFF SOCIAL BURDEN STUNTING SURVIVAL OF CHILDREN TETANUS TREATMENT OF MALARIA UNFPA URBAN AREAS URBANIZATION USE OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES VACCINATION VACCINES VITAMIN A WASTE WASTE DISPOSAL WASTING WORKERS YOUNG CHILDREN
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World Bank
Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Benin
2012-03-19T17:26:57Z | 2012-03-19T17:26:57Z | 2009-05-01

This study is a continuation of the previous sector review, conducted in 2004. The 2008 review had two main objectives. This review is primarily an update on the situation. In its development strategy, Benin gave considerable importance to the health of its population. This effort is part of the long-term vision of the country. Improving health status, especially for the poor, is one of eight strategic directions for that vision. Similarly, on a more operational level, this objective is reflected in the current Growth Strategy for Poverty Reduction (GPRS 2007-2009). Benin is particularly committed towards the Millennium Development Goals, including 3 on the health sector. This review was also an opportunity to further analyze the constraints in the health system, consistent with the new strategy Health Nutrition and Population World Bank, Strategy adopted in 2007. But this exercise was not intended merely to be analytical. It also aimed to enrich the political dialogue between, on one hand, the actors in health and, secondly, the World Bank and other development partners. This effort relates more specifically to some themes such as governance, private sector involvement and alignment of partners' efforts (called technical and financial partners in Benin or PTFs). From this perspective, the journal is also a contribution to Benin's efforts to advance the IHP (International Health Partnership Plus). This initiative is now the main tool for implementing the Paris Declaration. In practice, the journal has sought to contribute to the consensus between the Ministry of Health and the donor group on the diagnosis of the health system and the changes needed to strengthen it. Several guidelines have emerged stronger from this discussion, particularly in the area of governance of the health system. Beyond the reinforcement of the various components of the health system, two fundamental principles should guide the transformation of this system: 1) A principle of corporate governance: through decentralization of the health system, health facilities must have their basic needs better taken into account (hence the need for bottom-up planning) and especially as more independent financially administrative; and 2) A principle of individual governance: health workers should be strongly encouraged to improve their performance (competence, productivity and compliance of patients). Given the limited success of measures to strengthen inspections and other controls "top-down, this incentive can only come from clients, either directly (i.e., bonuses based on cost recovery), or preferably indirectly with a mechanism for payment by results funded by the state and possibly partners.

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