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Assessing the Economic Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture in Egypt : A Ricardian Approach

ACCESS TO INFORMATION AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AGRICULTURAL LAND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS AGRICULTURE AGROCLIMATOLOGY ANIMAL FEED ANIMALS AVAILABILITY OF WATER BARLEY CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCH CLIMATE CHANGES CLIMATE DATA CLIMATE VARIABLES CLIMATE VARIATION CLIMATIC CHANGE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS CLIMATIC REGIONS CO2 COST MINIMIZATION COTTON CROP CROP MANAGEMENT CROP PRODUCTION CROP ROTATION CROP VARIETIES CROP YIELD CROP YIELDS CROPLAND CROPPING CROPPING INTENSITY CROPS CULTIVARS DATES DRAINAGE ECOLOGICAL ZONES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC IMPACTS EGGS ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EQUILIBRIUM EQUIPMENT FAO FARM FARM ACTIVITIES FARM REVENUES FARMER FARMERS FARMING FARMING SYSTEMS FARMS FAVA BEANS FERTILIZER FERTILIZERS FIELD CROPS FRUITS GCM GDP GLOBAL WARMING GRAIN HEAT WAVES HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES HUSBANDRY HYDROLOGICAL MODEL INCOME INPUT PRICES INTERCROPPING INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE IPCC IRRIGATION LAND MANAGEMENT LAND VALUE LIVESTOCK MAIZE MAIZE PRODUCTION MARGINAL ANALYSIS MARKET PRICES MEAT MULCHING NEW TECHNOLOGIES ONIONS PESTICIDE PESTICIDES PLANTING POTATOES POTENTIAL IMPACTS POULTRY POULTRY PRODUCTS PRECIPITATION PRODUCTION FUNCTIONS PRODUCTION OF RICE PRODUCTION SYSTEM PRODUCTION SYSTEMS PRODUCTIVITY RAINFALL RAINFED AREAS SEED SEEDS SOCIOECONOMIC VARIABLES SOIL SOIL TYPES SOILS SORGHUM SOWING SOYBEANS SPRING SUGAR SUGAR BEET SUGAR CANE SUGARCANE TEMPERATURE TEMPERATURE DATA TOMATOES TREES UTILITY FUNCTIONS VEGETABLES WATER AVAILABILITY WATER MANAGEMENT WATER RESOURCES WATER SOURCE WATER SUPPLY WATER USE WHEAT WORLD FOOD SUPPLY YIELDS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Middle East and North Africa | Egypt, Arab Republic of
2012-06-07T22:19:19Z | 2012-06-07T22:19:19Z | 2007-07

This study employed the Ricardian approach to measure the economic impacts of climate change on farm net revenue in Egypt. Farm net revenue were regressed against climate, soil, socioeconomic and hydrological variables to determine which factors influence the variability of farm net revenues. 900 households from 20 governorates were interviewed. The standard Ricardian model was applied, in addition to three other models, each representing an adaptation option that could be used to reduce the harmful effects of temperature stress. A further adaptation strategy was tested: raising livestock on the farm to cope with the harmful effects of climate change. Besides this, the effects of two climate change scenarios (using MAGICC/SCENGEN and GCMs-General Circulation Models) were considered. The results from the two climate change scenarios showed that high temperatures will constrain agricultural production in Egypt. Irrigation and technology are therefore the recommended adaptation options. However, warming may also affect water resources and that would pose another problem for agricultural production. A policy should be developed to cope with the adverse effects of climate change on agriculture. It should focus on three areas: crop management, water management, and land management. The favored option for adapting to increased temperatures is irrigation. Some farmers adjust their crop sowing dates to avoid the expected high temperatures. To adjust to shortages in rainfall, farmers use crop varieties with high water use efficiency and early maturing varieties.

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