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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study

Ghana - Job Creation and Skills Development : Background Papers

ACCESS TO PRIMARY EDUCATION ACCOUNTING ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT ADULT LITERACY BASIC EDUCATION BASIC SERVICES BENEFICIARIES BENEFICIARY BRAIN DRAIN CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CLASSROOM COGNITIVE SKILLS COMPARATIVE EDUCATION CONTRIBUTION CURRICULUM DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DIRECT INVESTMENT EARNINGS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT EDUCATED MIGRANTS EDUCATED PARENTS EDUCATION ATTAINMENT EDUCATION ECONOMICS EDUCATION EXPENDITURE EDUCATION INVESTMENT EDUCATION POLICY EDUCATION REFORM EDUCATION SECTOR EDUCATION SYSTEM EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EDUCATIONAL PLANNING ELDERLY ENROLLMENT RATE ENROLMENTS FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN INVESTMENT FORMAL EDUCATION FORMS OF EDUCATION GLOBAL POVERTY GOALS FOR EDUCATION GROSS ENROLMENT GROSS ENROLMENT RATES HIGH SCHOOL HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL HIGHER LEVELS OF EDUCATION HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IMPACT OF EDUCATION INCOME INCOMES INFANT INTERNATIONAL LABOR ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION INVESTING INVESTMENT CLIMATE INVESTMENT CLIMATE ASSESSMENT INVESTMENT IN EDUCATION JOB CREATION JOB TRAINING JUNIOR SECONDARY JUNIOR SECONDARY EDUCATION JUNIOR SECONDARY LEVEL JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL KIDS LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LARGE FIRM LARGE FIRMS LEVEL OF EDUCATION LITERACY LITERACY PROGRAM LITERACY PROGRAMS LIVING STANDARDS LOW LEVELS OF EDUCATION LOW-INCOME LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES LOWER LEVELS OF EDUCATION LOWER SECONDARY EDUCATION MIDDLE SCHOOL MIGRANT MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINIMUM WAGE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION NATIONAL EDUCATION NATIONAL LEVEL NET ENROLMENT NET ENROLMENT RATE NET ENROLMENT RATES NON-FORMAL TRAINING NURSE NURSES OCCUPATIONS OUTCOMES OF EDUCATION PENSION PENSION REFORMS POLICY IMPLICATIONS POVERTY REDUCTION PRIMARY EDUCATION PROBABILITY PRODUCTIVITY PROGRESS QUESTIONNAIRE RATES OF RETURN READERS REASONING RETURNS TO EDUCATION RURAL AREAS SCHOOL ENROLLMENT SCHOOL QUALITY SCHOOLING SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SECONDARY SCHOOLS SELF-EMPLOYMENT SENIOR SENIOR SECONDARY LEVEL SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLING SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS SERVICE TRAINING SEX SHORT-TERM TRAINING SKILL ACQUISITION SKILLS ACQUISITION SKILLS DEVELOPMENT SKILLS TRAINING SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL RESEARCH SOCIAL WELFARE TEACHER TEACHERS TEACHING TERTIARY EDUCATION TRADE UNION TRAINING ACTIVITIES TRAINING CENTERS TRAINING CENTRE TRAINING INSTITUTES TYPES OF EDUCATION UNEMPLOYED UNIONS URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTERS URBAN POPULATION VALUABLE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION VOCATIONAL TRAINING WAGE GAP WAGES WORK EXPERIENCE WORKFORCE WORKING POPULATION YOUNG MEN YOUNG PEOPLE YOUTH YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
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World Bank
Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Ghana
2012-03-19T17:23:51Z | 2012-03-19T17:23:51Z | 2009-05-29

According to Government, Ghana is facing many challenges in the area of skill development and job creation. The Government is particularly concerned with: (i) unemployment among the youth (6.1 percent in 2005 for 15-24 years old), which has been attributable to the rapid population growth rate of the youth, the rapid urbanization rate, the quality of labor supply, and low labor absorption rate of the economy; and (ii) the external efficiency of the education training system and its ability to supply the skills demanded by a diversified and competitive economy. Moreover, other related concerns include: channeling economic growth toward creating jobs, including 'good jobs'; better understanding the functioning of the informal sector; explaining the mismatch between skills development and jobs; improving labor market indicators; monitoring and evaluating employment programs' outcomes; reviewing the role of labor market regulations in job creation; and reforming technical vocational education and training (TVET) systems. The key objective of Ghana's development policy is to accelerate economic growth and put the creation of new and better jobs at the center of the Government agenda. In this context, and complementing the recent Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) and earlier Bank's work on youth employment, this report addresses labor market challenges that Ghana is facing, particularly as it strives for middle income status by 2015. This report: (a) briefly reviews the determinants of labor demand; (b) analyzes labor market outcomes based on recent survey data; (c) reviews the role of labor policies, institutions and programs; and (d) examines education and skills development policies and their links to labor market outcomes.

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