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Measuring the Economic Impact of Climate Change on Ethiopian Agriculture : Ricardian Approach

AFFORESTATION AGRICULTURAL LAND AGRICULTURAL MARKETING AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AGRONOMIC PRACTICES AGRONOMY ALTITUDE ANNUAL CROPS ARABLE LAND ATMOSPHERE ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE AVERAGE YIELDS BARLEY BEANS BEETS CAPITA CONSUMPTION CARBON CARBON DIOXIDE CARBON DIOXIDE CONCENTRATIONS CASH CROPS CEREAL CROPS CEREALS CHICKPEAS CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATE CHANGE MODELS CLIMATE CHANGES CLIMATE FORECASTS CLIMATE MODELS CLIMATE RESEARCH CLIMATE SENSITIVITY CLIMATE SYSTEM CLIMATE VARIABILITY CLIMATES CLIMATIC CONDITIONS CO2 COFFEE COMMODITY CONDENSATION CONSUMER SURPLUS COOPERATIVE EQUILIBRIA COST MINIMIZATION COTTON CROP CROP MIX CROP PRODUCTION CROP VARIETIES CROP YIELD CROP YIELDS CROPLAND CROPLANDS CROPPING CROPPING PATTERNS CULTIVABLE LAND CULTIVATION DATES DECISION MAKING DEFORESTATION DEVELOPED COUNTRIES DRAINAGE DROUGHT DRY SEASON ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS ECOLOGICAL ZONES ECOLOGY ECONOMIC ANALYSIS ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC IMPACT ECONOMIC IMPACTS ECONOMIC WELFARE ECONOMICS ECOSYSTEM EMISSIONS ENERGY BALANCE ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY EQUILIBRIUM FAO FARM FARM INCOME FARM MANAGEMENT FARMER FARMERS FARMING FARMING SYSTEMS FARMS FERTILIZATION FERTILIZER FERTILIZERS FIBERS FIELD CROPS FLOODING FLOODS FOOD CROPS FOOD GRAINS FOOD POLICY RESEARCH FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD SECURITY FOREST FORESTRY FOSSIL FUELS FRUITS FUEL FUELWOOD GARLIC GDP GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING GRAIN GRASSES GRASSLAND GREENHOUSE EFFECT GREENHOUSE GASES GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROUNDNUTS HARVESTING HERBS HYDROLOGICAL DATA HYDROLOGY IFPRI INCOME INSECT PESTS INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE IPCC IRRIGATION LAND DEGRADATION LAND PRODUCTIVITY LAND TENURE LAND USE LAND VALUE LENTILS MAIZE MAIZE PRODUCTION MALARIA MARGINAL ANALYSIS MARKET PRICES MEAT METEOROLOGY MILLET NATURAL RESOURCES OATS OIL OVERGRAZING PAPAYA PEAS PEPPER PERENNIAL CROPS PERENNIALS PHOTOSYNTHESIS PLANTING PLANTING DATES PLOWING POLICY FORMULATION POLICY MAKERS POPULATION GROWTH POTENTIAL YIELDS PRECIPITATION PRESENT VALUE PRODUCE PRODUCERS PRODUCTION FUNCTIONS PRODUCTIVITY PRODUCTIVITY OF LAND PULSES RAINFALL RAINFED AGRICULTURE RAPESEED RESOURCES MANAGEMENT RICE RIVERS RUNOFF SEA SEED SEEDS SESAME SINGLE CROP SISAL SMALL-SCALE FARMERS SOIL SOIL FERTILITY SOIL QUALITY SOIL TYPES SOILS SORGHUM SOWING SOYBEAN SPECIALIZATION SPICES SPRING SUGAR SUGAR CANE SUNFLOWER TEA TEMPERATURE TEMPERATURE DATA TENURE TILLAGE TILLING TOBACCO TRACE GASES TUBERS VARIABLE COSTS VEGETABLES VEGETATION VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS WEEDS WHEAT WIND WINTER WHEAT WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION YAMS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Ethiopia
2012-06-06T18:13:43Z | 2012-06-06T18:13:43Z | 2007-09

This study uses the Ricardian approach to analyze the impact of climate change on Ethiopian agriculture and to describe farmer adaptations to varying environmental factors. The study analyzes data from 11 of the country's 18 agro-ecological zones, representing more than 74 percent of the country, and survey of 1,000 farmers from 50 districts. Regressing of net revenue on climate, household, and soil variables show that these variables have a significant impact on the farmers' net revenue per hectare.The study carries out a marginal impact analysis of increasing temperature and changing precipitation across the four seasons. In addition, it examines the impact of uniform climate scenarios on farmers' net revenue per hectare. Additionally, it analyzes the net revenue impact of predicted climate scenarios from three models for the years 2050 and 2100. In general, the results indicate that increasing temperature and decreasing precipitation are both damaging to Ethiopian agriculture. Although the analysis did not incorporate the carbon fertilization effect, the role of technology, or the change in prices for the future, significant information for policy-making can be extracted.

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