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Malawi's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESSIBILITY AIR AIR SAFETY AIR SPACE AIR TRAFFIC AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL AIR TRANSPORT AIRPORTS APPROACH ASSET MAINTENANCE AVAILABILITY BALANCE BANDWIDTH BOTTLENECKS BRIDGE CABLE CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITALS CARRIERS CARS CONCESSION COST OF POWER COST RECOVERY COSTS OF POWER COUNTRY COMPARISONS CUBIC METER DEFICITS DISTRIBUTION LOSSES ECONOMIC GROWTH ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ELECTRICITY TARIFFS ELECTRIFICATION FINANCIAL BURDEN FINANCIAL DATA FREIGHT FUEL FUTURE INVESTMENTS GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY GENERATORS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATES HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLDS HYDROPOWER INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC INVESTMENT PROGRAM INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS INVESTMENT TARGETS INVESTMENTS IN POWER KILOWATT-HOUR LEGAL FRAMEWORK LEVEL OF CONCENTRATION LITERS PER CAPITA PER DAY LOCOMOTIVE MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS MARGINAL COST MINERAL RESOURCES MONTHLY WATER BILL NATURAL RESOURCES O&M OPERATING COSTS OPERATING EXPENDITURES OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENTS POWER POWER CONSUMPTION POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER GRID POWER PRODUCTION POWER SECTOR POWER TRADE PRIVATE OPERATORS PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PRIVATIZATION PRODUCTIVITY PROVISION OF WATER PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC SECTOR RAIL RAIL LINKS RAIL NETWORK RAIL OPERATOR RAIL TRAFFIC RAILWAY RAILWAYS REGIONAL TRANSPORT REGULATORY AGENCY RESIDENTIAL CONSUMERS REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD INVESTMENT ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD QUALITY ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROAD TRANSPORT ROADS ROUTE RURAL WATER SAFETY SANITATION SANITATION UTILITIES SUBSIDIARY SURFACE WATER TAX TOLL TRAFFIC DENSITY TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRANSIT TRANSPORT TRANSPORT INDUSTRY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORT SECTOR URBAN TRANSPORT URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY URBAN WATER UTILITIES UTILITY BILLS UTILITY DISTRIBUTION VEHICLE VEHICLES WATER CONSUMPTION WATER POLICY WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WATER RESOURCES WATER SECTOR WATER SECTOR REFORM WATER SERVICES WATER SOURCE WATER SUPPLY WATER TARIFFS WATER USER WATER UTILITIES WELLS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Malawi
2017-08-14T19:53:55Z | 2017-08-14T19:53:55Z | 2010-03

Infrastructure contributed 1.2 percentage points to the annual per capita growth of Malawi's gross domestic product (GDP) over the past decade, thanks mainly to the revolution in information and communication technology (ICT). Raising the country's infrastructure endowment to that of the region's middle-income countries could further boost annual growth by 3.5 percentage points per capita. Today, Malawi's basic infrastructure indicators look relatively good when compared with other low-income countries in Africa, although the performance of that infrastructure could be significantly improved. Malawi is one of the few African countries to have already reached the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for water, almost a decade ahead of the target. The private sector has made Global Management System (GSM) telephone signals widely available without public subsidy. A substantial road investment program has raised the average condition of the country's road network, and a foundation for institutional reform has been laid in the ICT, power, and road transport sectors. Even if those inefficiencies could be eliminated, Malawi will still face an infrastructure funding gap of almost $300 million a year. This could be lessened to $100 million by engaging in regional trade of electricity, using lower-cost supply modalities in water supply and sanitation, and adopting appropriate technologies for road sector development. As long as efficiency gains are captured and spending sustained at the levels of the recent past, the country's infrastructure targets could be reached within 16 years.

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