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Chronic Diseases and Labor Market Outcomes in Egypt

ABSENTEEISM AGED AGGREGATE SUPPLY AGING BUSINESS CYCLE CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE CHILD HEALTH CHRONIC CONDITIONS CHRONIC DISEASE CHRONIC DISEASES CHRONIC ILLNESS COMMUNICABLE DISEASES DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT POLICY DIET DISABILITIES DISABILITY DISEASE DISEASE BURDEN DISEASE MANAGEMENT DISEASE PREVALENCE EARNING ECONOMIC INEQUALITY ECONOMIC STATUS ELDERLY EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT PROBABILITY EMPLOYMENT RATE EMPLOYMENT STATUS ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION EPIDEMIC ESTIMATED PARAMETERS EXTENDED FAMILIES FAMILY INCOME FAMILY STRUCTURE FEMALES GENES GLOBAL HEALTH HEALTH BEHAVIOR HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE SERVICES HEALTH CARE SYSTEM HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS HEALTH CONDITIONS HEALTH CONSEQUENCES HEALTH INSURANCE HEALTH OUTCOMES HEALTH POLICY HEALTHY LIFE HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS HOUSEHOLD EARNING HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES IMMUNIZATION IMPACT OF EDUCATION INCOME DISTRIBUTION INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS INDIVIDUAL DECISIONS INDIVIDUAL HEALTH INFANT INFANT HEALTH INFORMAL ECONOMY INFORMAL SECTOR INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS INJURIES JOBS LABOR ECONOMICS LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES LABOR MARKET VARIABLES LABOR SUPPLY LABOUR LABOUR SUPPLY LEVEL OF EDUCATION LEVELS OF EDUCATION LIFE EXPECTANCY MARITAL STATUS MEASLES MEAT MEDICINE MORBIDITY MORTALITY MORTALITY RATE NEGATIVE EFFECTS NUTRITION OBESITY OCCUPATION OCCUPATIONS OLDER PEOPLE OPPORTUNITY COSTS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PLACE OF RESIDENCE POLICY DISCUSSIONS POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POLICY RESPONSE POLITICAL ECONOMY POLLUTION POOR HEALTH PREVALENCE PREVIOUS SECTION PRODUCTION FUNCTION PRODUCTIVITY PROGRESS RESPECT RETIREMENT RISK FACTORS SELF EMPLOYED SIBLINGS SMOKING SOCIAL MOBILITY SOCIAL POLICY SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES SPOUSES STATUS OF WOMEN TOBACCO TAXATION UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS VACCINATION VACCINATION CAMPAIGNS VULNERABLE GROUPS WAGE DISTRIBUTION WAGE RATE WAGE RATES WAGES WORKER WORKER PRODUCTIVITY WORKERS WORKING HOURS
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Middle East and North Africa | Egypt, Arab Republic of
2012-03-19T18:00:40Z | 2012-03-19T18:00:40Z | 2011-02-01

By causing a sizeable reduction in employment 6 percent and labor supply 19 percent, chronic diseases are responsible for a major efficiency loss in the Egyptian economy. Furthermore the impact of chronic diseases on the labor market is not uniformly distributed. The older and the less educated suffer a larger drop in the probability of being employed and in their supply of working hours. The authors estimate the reduced form equations of individual employment status, labor supply and the usual wage equation. They control for unobserved ability and individual preferences by means of a within-siblings estimator. Measurement errors in our self-reported health variable have been accounted for.

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