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Mali's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESS TO ENERGY ACCESS TO ENERGY SERVICES ACCESSIBILITY ADEQUATE WATER SUPPLY ADSL AFFORDABLE ACCESS AIR AIR MARKET AIR SAFETY AIR TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT AIRPORT AIRPORT SECURITY AIRPORTS ALTERNATIVE ROUTES APPROACH AVAILABILITY AVERAGE TARIFF BALANCE BANDWIDTH BEST PRACTICE BITS PER SECOND BOOKMARK BRIDGE BROADBAND BROADBAND MARKET BUSINESSES CABLE CALL PRICES CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITAL INVESTMENTS CAR CAR BATTERIES CARRIERS CASH FLOW CHEAPER POWER COAL COLLECTION EFFICIENCY COMMERCIAL TARIFFS COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES COMPETITIVE MARKETS COMPETITIVENESS CONCESSION CONCESSION CONTRACT CONCESSIONS CONNECTION SPEEDS CONNECTIVITY COST OF POWER COST RECOVERY COST RECOVERY RATIO COSTS OF POWER CUSTOMER SATISFACTION CUSTOMS CUSTOMS CLEARANCE DEMAND FOR POWER DERAILMENTS DIESEL DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DOMESTIC ENERGY DRY CELLS ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC GROWTH ELECTRIC UTILITY ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION ELECTRICITY SECTOR ELECTRICITY SERVICES END-USER ENERGY COSTS ENERGY SERVICES ENTERPRISE SURVEY ENTERPRISE SURVEYS EQUIPMENT FARES FINANCIAL BURDEN FINANCIAL FLOWS FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE FINANCIAL RESOURCES FINANCIAL SCHEMES FINANCIAL VIABILITY FLEETS FREIGHT FREIGHT TRAFFIC FUEL GAS GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION COSTS GROWTH RATES GUARANTEE PROGRAM HARMONIZATION HIGHWAYS HYDROCARBONS HYDROELECTRIC PLANT HYDROELECTRIC POWER HYDROPOWER ICT INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE REHABILITATION INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INNOVATIONS INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK INTERNATIONAL TRADE INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDERS INVESTMENT TARGETS ISPS KEROSENE KILOWATT-HOUR LICENSE LICENSES LOCOMOTIVE MAINTENANCE CONTRACTS MAINTENANCE COSTS MARGINAL COSTS MARKET ACCESS MARKET CONCENTRATION MARKET SHARE MINERAL RESOURCES MOBILE PHONE MOBILE SERVICES MOBILE TELEPHONE MODE OF TRANSPORT NATURAL RESOURCES NEIGHBORHOODS O&M OIL OIL IMPORTS OIL PRICES OIL PRODUCER OPEN ACCESS OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY PASSENGER TRAFFIC PASSENGERS PENETRATION RATE PHONES POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH POWER POWER CONSUMPTION POWER COSTS POWER DEMAND POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER GRID POWER PRICES POWER SECTOR POWER SECTORS POWER TRADE PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE OPERATORS PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT PRODUCTIVITY PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC SECTOR QUALITY OF SERVICE RAIL RAIL COMPANY RAIL NETWORK RAIL NETWORKS RAIL OPERATOR RAIL SYSTEM RAILWAY RAILWAY LINE RAILWAYS REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE REGIONAL NETWORKS REGIONAL TRANSPORT RELIABILITY RENEWABLE RESOURCES RESIDENTIAL CUSTOMERS RESULT RESULTS REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD NETWORKS ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROAD TRANSPORT ROADS ROLLING STOCK ROUTE RURAL ACCESS RURAL ELECTRIFICATION SAFETY SANITATION SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION SERVICES SANITATION UTILITIES SECURE ACCESS SERVICE PROVIDERS SITES SPEEDS SUPPLY COSTS TARIFF REVISIONS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TELECOM TELECOMMUNICATION TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES TRAFFIC TRAFFIC DENSITY TRAFFIC LEVELS TRAFFIC PATTERNS TRAFFIC VOLUME TRANSIT TRANSMISSION TRANSMISSION CAPACITY TRANSMISSION LINE TRANSPORT TRANSPORT CORRIDORS TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT INDICATORS TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORTATION UNIVERSAL ACCESS UNIVERSAL SERVICE USER USERS USES VEHICLES VOICE TELEPHONY VOLTAGE WATER CONSUMPTION WATER RESOURCES WATER SERVICES WATER SUPPLY INFRASTRUCTURE WATER TARIFFS WATER UTILITIES WEALTH WEB
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Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Sahel | Mali
2012-03-19T18:02:43Z | 2012-03-19T18:02:43Z | 2011-06-01

Despite external shocks, Mali's economy grew by 5.3 percent per year between 2003 and 2006, driven primarily by the telecommunications sector. But Mali's landlocked condition, together with the uneven distribution of population and economic activities between the arid north and the much richer south, defy the country's ability to sustain this pace of growth. Mali depends heavily on regional infrastructure and transport corridors. A strategic focus on regional integration has paid off, and critical institutional decisions are bringing many positive developments. But Mali still faces infrastructure challenges, the starkest of which lies in the power sector. The cost of producing power in Mali is among the highest in the region, with the result that only around 17 percent of the population has access to electricity, much lower than in other low-income African countries. The water and sanitation sectors also represent a challenge, as the nation works to separate the power and water-and-sanitation functions of EDM, the multisector utility. Mali spent about $555 million per year on infrastructure during the late 2000s. A total of $200 million is lost annually to inefficiencies. Assessing spending needs against existing spending and potential efficiency gains leaves an annual funding gap of $283 million per year.Mali will likely need more than a decade to reach the illustrative infrastructure targets outlined in this report. Under business-as-usual assumptions for spending and efficiency, it would take over 50 years for Mali to reach these goals. Yet with a combination of increased finance, improved efficiency, and cost-reducing innovations, it should be possible to reduce that time to 15 years.

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