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Tanzania: Country Brief

ACCOUNTING ADULT LITERACY AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT ARABLE LAND ARMED CONFLICT BASIC EDUCATION BASIC NEEDS BIODIVERSITY BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY CARBON CARBON EMISSIONS CASH CROPS CHILD MORTALITY CLIMATE CHANGE COAL COMMERCIAL BANKS COMPLICATIONS CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE CPI DEBT DEBT REDUCTION DEFORESTATION DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS DISEASES DISPOSABLE INCOME DISSEMINATION DRUGS EARLY PREGNANCIES EARNINGS ECOLOGICAL BALANCE ECOLOGY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC SITUATION ELECTRICITY GENERATION EMERGENCY OBSTETRIC CARE EMISSIONS EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN ENDANGERED SPECIES ENERGY CONSUMPTION ENERGY USE ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EXCHANGE RATE EXPLOITATION FARMING COMMUNITIES FAST POPULATION GROWTH FERTILITY FINANCIAL CRISIS FINANCIAL RESOURCES FINANCIAL SECTOR FINANCIAL SECTORS FINANCIAL SERVICES FISH FISHERIES FISHING FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN INVESTMENT FORESTRY FUTURE EARNINGS GENDER DISPARITY GENDER EQUALITY GENDER EQUITY GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE GNP GOVERNMENT CAPACITY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROSS NATIONAL INCOME GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT HAZARDOUS WASTES HEALTH CARE HEALTH SECTOR HETEROSEXUAL INTERCOURSE HIV HOSPITAL HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HUMAN SETTLEMENT HUMAN SETTLEMENTS HUMAN WELFARE ILLNESSES IMMIGRANTS IMPORTS INCOME INCOME INEQUALITY INCOME LEVELS INCOME TAXES INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INFANT INFANT MORTALITY INFANT MORTALITY RATE INFLATION INTERNATIONAL TRADE LABOR FORCE LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LAND DEGRADATION LAND PRODUCTIVITY LAND TENURE LEGAL RIGHTS LEGAL STATUS LEGISLATION LEVEL OF EDUCATION LEVELS OF EDUCATION LIFE EXPECTANCY LIVE BIRTHS LOCAL COMMUNITIES LOGGING LOW BIRTH WEIGHT LOW INCOME LOW LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LOW-INCOME LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES LOW-INCOME COUNTRY MALARIA MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS MARKET PRICES MATERNAL DEATHS MATERNAL MORTALITY MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO MEASLES MEASLES IMMUNIZATION MEDIUM ENTERPRISES METALS MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINES MINISTRY OF HEALTH MINORITY MONETARY POLICY MORTALITY RATE MOTHER MOTHER-TO-CHILD MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION NATIONAL INCOME NATIONAL STRATEGY NATURAL ENVIRONMENT NATURAL RESOURCES NUMBER OF AIDS ORPHANS NUMBER OF PEOPLE NUMERICAL TARGETS NUTRITION OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE OFFICIAL LANGUAGES OIL OIL EQUIVALENT OVERGRAZING OZONE LAYER POLITICAL PARTIES POLITICAL PARTY POLLUTION POLLUTION CONTROL POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR PEOPLE POPULAR SUPPORT POPULATION AGE STRUCTURE POPULATION DENSITY POVERTY LINE POVERTY REDUCTION POWER OUTAGES PRECIPITATION PREGNANT WOMEN PRENATAL CARE PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOLING PRIVATE CONSUMPTION PRODUCERS PRODUCTIVITY PROGRESS PROPERTY RIGHTS PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY PUBLIC INVESTMENTS PUBLIC SERVICES PURCHASING POWER PURCHASING POWER PARITY RATE OF POPULATION GROWTH REFUGEES REMITTANCE REMITTANCES RESEARCH ASSISTANCE RURAL AREAS RURAL POPULATION SANITATION SANITATION FACILITIES SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SECURITIES SERVICE DELIVERY SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL SERVICES SOCIAL WELFARE SOIL DEGRADATION SOIL EROSION SUBSISTENCE FARMING SUPPLY CHAINS SUSTAINABLE ACCESS SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE USE TAX RATES TAX REVENUE TERTIARY EDUCATION TERTIARY LEVEL TIMBER TOLERANCE TRANSPORTATION TUBERCULOSIS UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTERS URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE URBANIZED COUNTRIES VULNERABILITY WAGE WAGES WARS WASTE MANAGEMENT WATER POLLUTION WATER RESOURCES WATER SUPPLIES WEATHER PATTERNS WETLANDS WORKFORCE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG CHILDREN
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World Bank
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | East Africa | Tanzania
2012-03-19T10:03:26Z | 2012-03-19T10:03:26Z | 2009

The name Tanzania is a portmanteau of Tanganyika, the mainland, and Zanzibar, the nearby archipelago in the Indian Ocean. The two united to become the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964. With a surface area of 947,300 square kilometers, Tanzania is comparable in size to Nigeria and is slightly more than twice the size of the U.S. state of California. Tanzania's population of approximately 40.4 million (as of 2007) is the second largest in East Africa, after Ethiopia's. Dar es Salaam, the most populous city, contains approximately 2.7 million people and accounts for most commercial activity. Swahili (or Kiswahili) and English are the two official languages of Tanzania. A large number of local languages are also spoken. In Zanzibar, Arabic is commonly used. Agriculture remains the mainstay of Tanzania's economy, accounting for one-quarter of gross domestic product (GDP) and approximately 80 percent of employment. Tanzania is endowed with mineral and natural resources, including gold, diamonds, and several other precious and semiprecious stones. The blue gemstone tanzanite is found only in Tanzania. Tanzania accounted for almost two percent of world gold production as of 2006. Tanzania has a long history of hosting refugee's fleeing civil wars in nearby countries. As of January 2008, there were more than 380,000 refugees living in Tanzania, predominantly from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Tanzania is an up-market tourism destination. The country is endowed with a variety of tourism assets, including seven United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) world heritage sites and numerous wildlife parks, beach resorts, coral reefs, and spectacular scenic mountain views.

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