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Zambia's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ABUSE OF MONOPOLY POWER ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESS TO SAFE WATER ACCESSIBILITY ADMINISTRATIVE CAPACITY AIR AIR TRAFFIC AIR TRANSPORT AIR TRANSPORT SECTOR AIRCRAFT AIRWAYS ALLOCATING WATER RIGHTS AMOUNT OF POWER APPROACH ARTERIES AVAILABILITY BALANCE BANDWIDTH BORDER CROSSINGS BOTTLENECKS BRIDGE BRIDGE BORDER CROSSING CABLE CAPITAL BUDGETS CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITALS CASH FLOW CONCESSION CONCESSION CONTRACT CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRICITY COST OF ELECTRICITY COST OF ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION COST OF SERVICE COST RECOVERY COST SAVINGS COSTS OF DELAYS COSTS OF POWER COUNTRY COMPARISONS DEFICITS DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DOMESTIC AIR TRANSPORT ECONOMIC COSTS ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ELECTRICITY TARIFFS ELECTRIFICATION ENERGY RESOURCES EXORBITANT TARIFFS FINANCIAL BURDEN FINANCIAL DATA FINANCIAL VIABILITY GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATES HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLDS HYDROPOWER HYDROPOWER GENERATION INCOME DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INTERCONNECTION SERVICES INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL INVESTMENT DECISIONS INVESTMENT TARGETS JOINT VENTURE JOURNEY KILOWATT-HOUR LOCOMOTIVE MARGINAL COST MARGINAL COSTS MONOPOLY PROFITS NATIONAL UTILITY NATURAL RESOURCES O&M OPERATING EXPENDITURES OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE PERFORMANCE DATA POPULATION CENTERS POPULATION WITHOUT ACCESS PORTS POWER POWER CONSUMPTION POWER INVESTMENTS POWER PRODUCTION POWER SECTOR POWER SHORTAGES POWER TRADE PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PRIVATIZATION PRIVATIZATION PROCESS PRODUCTIVITY PROVISION OF WATER PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC SECTOR QUALITY OF SERVICE RAIL RAIL FREIGHT RAIL NETWORK RAIL OPERATOR RAIL OPERATORS RAIL SECTOR RAIL SYSTEM RAIL TRANSIT RAIL TRANSPORT RAIL TRANSPORTATION RAILWAY RAILWAYS REGULATORY FRAMEWORK REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD NETWORK ROAD NETWORKS ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROAD TRANSPORT ROADS ROUTE ROUTES RURAL ELECTRIFICATION SANITATION SANITATION SOLUTIONS SANITATION UTILITIES SERVICE EXPANSION SERVICE PROVISION SPEEDS STORAGE CAPACITY SUBSIDIARY SUPPLY COSTS SURFACE WATER TARIFF REGULATION TRADE FLOWS TRAFFIC TRAFFIC DENSITY TRAFFIC FLOWS TRAFFIC LEVELS TRAFFIC PLANNING TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRANSIT TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORT TRANSPORT INDUSTRY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MARKETS TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORTATION TRAVEL TIME URBAN ROAD URBAN TRANSPORT URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY URBANIZATION UTILITY BILL UTILITY BILLS UTILITY REVENUES UTILITY SERVICES VEHICLES WATER CONSUMPTION WATER QUALITY WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCES WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT WATER SCARCITY WATER SECTOR WATER SERVICES WATER SOURCE WATER STORAGE WATER SUPPLY WATER TARIFFS WATER UTILITIES WEALTH WELLS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Zambia
2017-08-14T19:28:36Z | 2017-08-14T19:28:36Z | 2010-03

Infrastructure improvements contributed 0.6 percentage points to the annual per capita growth of Zambia's gross domestic product (GDP) over the past decade, mostly because of the exponential growth of information and communication technology (ICT) services. Poor performance of the power sector reduced the per capita growth rate by 0.1 percentage point. Simulations suggest that if Zambia's infrastructure platform could be improved to the level of the African leader, Mauritius, per capita growth rates could increase by two percentage points per year. Zambia's high generation capacity and relatively high power consumption are accompanied by fewer power outages than its neighbors. But Zambia's power sector is primarily oriented toward the mining industry, while household electrification, at 20 percent, is about half that in other resource-rich countries. Zambia's power tariffs are among the lowest in Africa and are less than half the level needed to accelerate electrification and keep pace with mining sector demands. Meeting future power demands and raising electrification rates will be difficult without increasing power tariffs. Zambia's infrastructure situation is more hopeful than that of many other African countries. Infrastructure spending needs, though large, are not beyond the realm of possibility, and Zambia's resource wealth and relatively well-off population provide a more solid financing basis than is available to many other countries. Zambia's infrastructure funding gap, though substantial, can be dramatically reduced through measures to stem inefficiencies and lower costs.

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