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Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

Nigeria's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESSIBILITY ACCOUNTING ACTION PLAN ADSL AIR AIR TRAFFIC AIR TRANSPORT SECTOR AIRCRAFT AIRPORT AIRPORT AUTHORITY AIRPORT TERMINALS AIRPORTS AIRWAYS ARTISANS ASYMMETRIC DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE AUTONOMOUS PORT AVIATION INDUSTRY BACKBONE BACKBONES BANDWIDTH BEST PRACTICE BEST-PRACTICE BRIDGE BROADBAND BUDGET ALLOCATIONS BUDGET EXECUTION BULK ELECTRICITY BUSES BUYER CABLE CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT CARGO CARRIERS CARS CERTIFICATE COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY COMPETITIVE MARKETS CONCESSION CONGESTION CONNECTIVITY CONTAINER TERMINAL COST OF POWER COST RECOVERY COSTS OF POWER CREDITWORTHINESS CUSTOMER BASE CUSTOMS DEBT DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER DISTRIBUTION COMPANIES DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DOMESTIC AIR TRANSPORT DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKETS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC VALUE ECONOMIC VIABILITY ELECTRICITY TARIFFS ENTERPRISE SURVEYS EQUIPMENT FARES FATAL ACCIDENTS FINANCIAL BURDEN FINANCIAL FLOWS FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE FINANCIAL VIABILITY FREIGHT FREIGHT MOVEMENTS FUEL FUNCTIONALITY GENERATION GENERATION ASSETS GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATORS GLOBAL STANDARDS GOVERNMENT BONDS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATES HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HUMAN RESOURCE HUMAN RESOURCES ICT INCOME DISTRIBUTION INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE PROVISION INFRASTRUCTURE SECTOR INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK INTERCITY PASSENGER INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONAL AVIATION INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL INVESTMENT TARGETS LANDLORD MODEL LARGER TOWNS LEVIES LICENSES LOCOMOTIVE MAINTENANCE EXPENDITURES MARKET CONCENTRATION MARKET SHARE MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS MOBILE NETWORKS MOBILE PHONE MOBILE SERVICES MOBILE TELEPHONE MOBILITY MONTHLY WATER BILL NATIONAL RAIL NETWORK NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCES O&M OPEN ACCESS OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY PASSENGER TRAFFIC PASSENGERS PEAK DEMAND PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENTS PIPELINE POOR HOUSEHOLDS POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH PORT AUTHORITIES PORT AUTHORITY PORT INFRASTRUCTURE PORT SERVICES POWER POWER PURCHASE POWER SECTOR POWER SECTOR REFORM PRIVATE CAPITAL PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE INVESTMENTS PRIVATE OPERATORS PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION PRODUCTIVITY PROVISIONS PUBLIC PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC FUNDS PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SERVICE PURCHASING POWER RAIL RAIL LINES RAIL NETWORKS RAIL OPERATOR RAILWAY RAILWAYS RESULT RESULTS RETRENCHMENT REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD DEVELOPMENT ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD NETWORKS ROAD TRAFFIC ROADS ROUTE ROUTES RURAL ACCESS SANITATION SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION SERVICES SANITATION UTILITIES SAVINGS SEAT CAPACITY SERVICE PROVIDERS SERVICE RELIABILITY SHIPPING LINES SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS TARIFFS FOR WATER TAX TELECOM TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES TERMINAL CONCESSIONS TRAFFIC TRAFFIC DENSITY TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRANSMISSION TRANSPORT INDICATORS TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORT SAFETY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRUCKS TRUE TURNAROUND TIME UNIVERSAL ACCESS USER USER CHARGES USERS UTILITY CUSTOMERS UTILITY SERVICES VEHICLES WATER CONSUMPTION WATER COVERAGE WATER RESOURCES WATER SERVICES WATER SOURCE WATER SUPPLY WATER UTILITIES WEALTH WEB WELLS WHOLESALE PRICES WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY
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Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Nigeria
2012-03-19T18:02:40Z | 2012-03-19T18:02:40Z | 2011-06-01

Infrastructure made a net contribution of around one percentage point to Nigeria's improved per capita growth performance in recent years, in spite of the fact that unreliable power supplies held growth back. Raising the country's infrastructure endowment to that of the region's middle-income countries could boost annual growth by around 4 percentage points. Among its African peers, Nigeria has relatively advanced power, road, rail, and ICT networks that cover the national territory quite extensively. Extensive reforms are ongoing in the power, ports, ICT, and domestic air transport sectors. But challenges persist. The power sector's operational efficiency and cost recovery has been among the worst in Africa, supplying about half of what is required, with subsequent social costs of about 3.7 percent of GDP. The water and sanitation sector has inefficient operations, with low and declining levels of piped water coverage. Irrigation development is also low relative to the country's substantial potential. In the transport sector, Nigeria's road networks are in poor condition from lack of maintenance, and the country has a poor record on air transport safety. Addressing Nigeria's infrastructure challenges will require sustained expenditure of almost $14.2 billion per year over the next decade, or about 12 percent of GDP. Nigeria already spends about $5.9 billion. It is well placed to raise the funds needed for infrastructure, given the strength of the national economy, abundant oil revenues, and efforts at electricity cost recovery and other improvements to operations and management.

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