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Working Paper

Participation in Kenya’s Local Development Funds : Reviewing the Past to Inform the Future

citizen involvement public officials government department participatory approaches political manipulation regulatory framework local authorities participants consultation civil servants performance monitoring poverty levels village policy framework laws government parliamentary committee local governments information public services decision makers preparation civil society actors budget transparency incentives government capacity capacity building stakeholder analysis record keeping parliament social accountability initiatives information gathering delivery to citizens budget formulation beneficiaries oversight mobilization civil society organizations citizen monitoring collaboration community members educated citizens participatory development auditor general participatory processes feasibility engaging citizens citizen participation civil society participatory planning mp local government civil society organization legislation civic engagement access civil society groups representatives service delivery legal framework grants access to information participation mechanisms grant elections accountability transparency participation service delivery systems stakeholders consultations accessibility social accountability communication between citizens constituency interest groups decision making participatory process government reform civil society monitoring governmental organization government bodies constituencies participatory initiatives citizen engagement human rights commission human rights constituent consensus project implementation participatory monitoring social audit effective participation social audits collaborative research public participation multiple channels partners civil society representatives local participation local leaders stakeholder law citizen input participatory mechanisms decision making process public access outreach development projects technologies governments election community radio auditing service providers public goods
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World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Africa | Kenya
2015-04-01T21:27:06Z | 2015-04-01T21:27:06Z | 2015-02

Kenya's new Constitution mandates a new era of public participation in government, particularly within the devolved government structure. The new devolved structures can benefit from reviewing the country's prior experience with participation in decentralized funds. The Kenyan government and citizens gained extensive experience in local participatory development through decentralized programs and funds, in particular the local authority transfer fund (LATF) and the constituency development fund (CDF). This paper focuses on the two development funds because participatory initiatives both by the government and the civil society were centered on them. This paper reviews Kenya's past experiences on public participation in local service delivery to highlight practical lessons that county governments can draw from as they design participation mechanisms.

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