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Fighting the Population/Agriculture/Environment Nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa

AFRICAN FARMERS AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AGRICULTURAL INTENSIFICATION AGRICULTURAL MARKETING AGRICULTURAL PROBLEMS AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY AGRICULTURE ARABLE LAND BIODIVERSITY CHILD MORTALITY CHILD MORTALITY RATES CULTIVATION DEFORESTATION DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION DISEASES ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC EQUILIBRIUM EFFECTIVE DEMAND ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EROSION EXCHANGE RATE EXPLOITATION EXTENSION EXTENSION SERVICES FARMERS FARMING FARMS FERTILIZERS FOOD INSECURITY FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD SECURITY FOREST FOREST AREAS FOREST COVER FOREST DESTRUCTION FOREST DWELLING FOREST LANDS FOREST PRODUCTS FOREST RESOURCES FORESTRY FORESTS HOUSEHOLDS IMPORTS INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS INNOVATION LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LAND DEGRADATION LAND OWNERS LAND RIGHTS LAND TENURE LAND USE LAND USE PRACTICES LANDS LIVESTOCK LOCAL COMMUNITIES LOCAL COMMUNITY LOGGING MORTALITY RATES NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATURAL RESOURCES NGOS POLLUTION POPULATION DENSITIES POPULATION GROWTH PRODUCTIVITY RESOURCE CONSERVATION RESOURCE OWNERSHIP RIVER BASINS RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL POVERTY RURAL ROADS RURAL WATER RURAL WATER SUPPLY SANITATION FACILITIES SOIL DEGRADATION SOIL FERTILITY SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE URBAN CENTERS WATER DEVELOPMENT WATER RESOURCES WATER SCARCITY WATER SHORTAGES WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS WATER USE WATERSHEDS WILDLIFE WOOD WOOD PRODUCTION WOODLAND WOODLANDS FAMILY PLANNING LAND TENURE WOMEN'S ROLE CROPS ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION POPULATION PRESSURE POPULATION INCREASE FOOD SECURITY NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS ECONOMIC ANALYSIS AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY PASTORALISM CULTIVATION PRACTICES HOUSEHOLD MANAGEMENT LAND TENURE FOREST MANAGEMENT FERTILITY RATES ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FUELWOOD DEVELOPMENT SETTLEMENT POLICY WATER MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION WOMEN'S ROLE IN HOUSEHOLD LIVESTOCK PRODUCTIVITY
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa
2012-08-13T10:06:55Z | 2012-08-13T10:06:55Z | 1994-12

Over the past thirty years, most of Sub-Saharan Africa has seen rapid population growth, poor agricultural performance, and increasing environmental degradation. Why do these problems seem so intractable? Are they connected? Do they reinforce each other? If so, what are the critical links? This book tests the hypothesis that these phenomena are strongly interrelated. The finding - that this nexus is very much at work in Sub-Saharan Africa - tells us that the design of development efforts must come to reflect this reality. Key links are found in traditional crop and livestock production methods, land tenure systems, women's responsibilities, traditional family planning mechanisms, and methods of forest resource utilization. Traditional systems and practices, well suited to people's survival needs when population densities were low, were able to evolve in response to slow population growth. But with the acceleration of population growth in the 1950's, traditional ways came under increasing strain resulting in the triad of problems addressed here. Solutions are complex. Effective responses have not been forthcoming from international and donor communities, except on a very limited scale in a few places. This study assesses succesful and failed interventions. With that base it recommends concrete and implementable strategies to intensify agriculture, increase demand for smaller families, reform land tenure practices, conserve the environment, and address the problems of women.

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