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Journal Article

When Rebels Attack : Quantifying the Impacts of Capturing Territory from the Government in Yemen

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Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the World Bank
Middle East and North Africa | Yemen, Republic of
2020-12-03T20:02:35Z | 2020-12-03T20:02:35Z | 2019-06

Households were adversely affected by the mostly nonviolent capture of Yemen’s capital in 2014. Although socioeconomically advantaged households were initially better able to cope with the shock than other households, the capture resulted in a decline in expenditure for the entire population within three months. Struggling households turned to several coping strategies—they increasingly made purchases on credit, increased their reliance on self-employment to deal with a decline in the economic climate, and reduced both the quantity and quality of foods consumed. Furthermore, there was evidence of a loss of autonomy for women, where women were less likely to oversee food purchases and more likely to be in the household during the survey interview. These results demonstrate that the capture of territory without widespread violence can result in a decline in standards of living and further illustrate the manners in which households were able to cope with the shock.

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