This first edition of the African Union Commission’s Africa’s Development Dynamics Report, produced by the AUC Department of Economic Affairs, conceived and developed by African experts and supported by the OECD Development Centre, aims to fuel debate between members of the Union, citizens, business people and researchers. It plays an imperative role in furthering the project to integrate and transform Africa as set out in Agenda 2063 and the. These pan-African initiatives are milestones along the path towards a united, integrated, peaceful and prosperous Africa that can participate fully in international governance. The aim of this new report is to illuminate this path in the context of globalization and the establishment of the African Continental Free Trade Area. By analyzing the economic development of Africa using an African analytic grid, it will contribute to the definition and implementation of innovative policies that are adapted to the specific characteristics of each economy and that further the African Union’s priorities.