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Telecommunications Sector Reforms in Senegal

ACCOUNTABILITY ACCOUNTING ALLOCATION OF LINES ASSETS BIDDING BUDGET DEFICIT CALLS CASH-FLOW CHARGING COMPETITION POLICY CONSTITUENCY CONSUMERS CORRUPTION COUNCIL OF MINISTERS DATA TRANSMISSION DEMOCRATIZATION DEVALUATION DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS ELASTICITY ENTERPRISE REFORM EXCESS DEMAND FINANCIAL BENEFITS FINANCIAL DISASTER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE GDP GOVERNMENT'S POLICY HUMAN RESOURCES INCOME DISTRIBUTION INFORMAL SECTOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL CALLS LOBBYING LOCAL CALLS MARGINAL COST MINISTRIES OF DEFENSE MINISTRY OF FINANCE MONOPOLY MOTIVATIONS NATIONAL ACCOUNTS NATIONAL ELECTIONS OPPOSITION PARTIES PARTIAL PRIVATIZATION PAYPHONES PHONES POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL PARTIES POLITICAL POWER POLITICIANS PRESIDENCY PRESIDENTS PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATISATION PRODUCTIVE ASSETS PROGRAMS PUBLIC DEBT PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SECTOR WAGES PUBLIC SERVICE PUBLIC UTILITIES REPRESENTATIVES RURAL TELEPHONY SAVINGS SERVICE QUALITY SOCIAL CONTROL STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES SUPPLY CURVE TAX TECHNOCRATS TELECENTERS TELECOM SECTOR TELECOM SERVICES TELECOMMUNICATION TELECOMMUNICATION SECTOR TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOMMUNICATIONS SECTOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS SECTOR REFORMS TELECOMS TELEPHONE LINES TELEPHONES TRADE LIBERALIZATION TRANSPARENCY TREASURY URBANIZATION VALUE ADDED VOTERS WAGE THEORY WAGES TELECOMMUNICATION POLICY MARKET LIBERALIZATION PRIVATIZATION OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISES CELLULAR MOBILE PHONES MARKET COMPETITION CELLULAR TELEPHONE MARKET PENETRATION DEMOCRATIZATION SERVICE DELIVERY NETWORKS FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE INDICATORS REGULATORY FRAMEWORK VALUE ADDED CORRUPTION CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT GOVERNMENT COMMITMENTS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Senegal
2014-08-14T20:58:22Z | 2014-08-14T20:58:22Z | 2002-09

This paper analyzes Senegal's experience with telecommunications liberalization and privatization. Senegal privatized its incumbent operator in 1997, and granted the newly privatized firm seven years of fixed-line exclusivity while introducing "managed competition" in the cellular market and free competition in value-added services (VAS). By May 2001, two cellular operators, a number of VAS providers, and thousands of retailers operating telecenters had entered the market. Reform has thus significantly changed the landscape of Senegal's telecommunications sector and has brought with it tremendous improvement in sector performance. Between 1997 and 2001, fixed-line telephone penetration grew from 1.32 to 2.45 per hundred people, while mobile penetration skyrocketed from 0.08 to 4.04. But it is still too early to assess the validity of granting fixed-line exclusivity to the incumbent operator. While penetration increased, the operator did not meet objectives regarding rural telephony. Moreover, fixed-line penetration increased in areas where the operator faced competition from a mobile provider.

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