The objective of this report is to provide an overview of the selected likely development impact of HIV/AIDS for Botswana. The purpose is to develop a framework for dialogue with the Government, relevant stakeholders, and the donor community on the appropriate actions to pursue in support of the Government's strategy on the epidemic. The review was also initiated as an exercise to complement the efforts of policymakers in Botswana to incorporate HIV/AIDS into the planning process on a regular basis. As such, it is directed at the officials at the ministries of finance and development planning. It employs conventional demographic and economic models to analyze selected development impacts of HIV/AIDS on the economy, thereby providing an illustration of how these impacts can be incorporated in the regular planning processes (including annual budgeting) in the finance and development ministries of the Government. It points out the need for monitoring the progression of the epidemic through further research and improvements in the existing research instruments.