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The Republic of Yemen : Comprehensive Development Review, Environment

ACCESS TO SAFE WATER ACTIVATED SLUDGE AERATION AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS AQUIFERS ARABLE LAND BASINS BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY BREEDING GROUNDS CHANNELS COASTAL AREAS COASTAL RESOURCES COASTAL WATERS COLLECTION SYSTEM CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY CONSTRUCTION CORAL REEFS CROP PRODUCTION CUBIC METERS DEFORESTATION DESALINATION DISPOSAL OF WASTEWATER DIVERSION DOWNSTREAM USERS DRAINAGE SYSTEMS ECONOMIC POLICIES EMPLOYMENT ENDANGERED SPECIES ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ESTUARIES EXCHANGE RATE EXPLOITATION EXPORT FARMERS FARMING FARMING PRACTICES FINANCIAL RESOURCES FISH FISH SPECIES FISHERIES FISHING FISHING UNITS FOOD SECURITY FORESTRY FOSSIL FUELS FRESH WATER GAS GROUND WATER GROUNDWATER HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT HAZARDOUS WASTES HEALTH PROBLEMS HIGH LEVELS HIGH WATER HOUSEHOLDS HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INCOME INDUSTRIAL DISCHARGES INDUSTRIAL WASTE LABOR FORCE LAND DEGRADATION LAND RESOURCES LAND USE LAND USE PRACTICES LEGISLATION LIVING CONDITIONS LOCAL AUTHORITIES MANGROVE MANGROVE SWAMPS MANGROVES MARINE FAUNA MARINE FLORA MARINE MAMMALS MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT MUNICIPAL WASTE MUNICIPALITIES NATURAL RESOURCE BASE NATURAL RESOURCES OIL OIL SPILLS OVERGRAZING OWNERSHIP OF LAND PESTICIDES PHYSICAL DESTRUCTION POLLUTION POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATE POTABLE WATER POTABLE WATER STANDARDS POWER PLANTS PRIVATE COMPANIES PRODUCERS PRODUCTIVITY PROTECTED AREAS PUBLIC WATER PUBLIC WATER SUPPLIES PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY PUMPING PUMPS QUALITY STANDARDS RAINFALL RANGELANDS RAW SEWAGE RECHARGE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS RENEWABLE RESOURCES RESERVOIRS ROCKY COASTS SAFE WATER SALINE INTRUSION SALINITY SALTWATER INTRUSION SAND SANITATION AUTHORITY SANITATION SERVICES SEA SEAWATER SEDIMENTS SEEPAGE SEPTIC TANKS SEWERAGE SERVICES SEWERAGE SYSTEM SEWERAGE SYSTEMS SHIPS SMALL TOWNS SOIL EROSION SOILS SOLID WASTE SOLID WASTE COLLECTION SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT STABILIZATION PONDS STORM DRAINAGE SURFACE WATER SUSTAINABLE USE TEXTILE INDUSTRY TOWNS TOXIC WASTE TREATIES URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTERS URBAN GROWTH URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY USE OF WATER WASTE COLLECTION WASTE DISPOSAL WASTE MANAGEMENT WASTE WATER WASTEWATER WASTEWATER TREATMENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES WATER ALLOCATION WATER COLLECTION WATER CONSERVATION WATER CONTAMINATION WATER CRISIS WATER LEVEL WATER MANAGEMENT WATER NEEDS WATER PIPES WATER POLLUTION WATER PUMPS WATER QUALITY WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WATER RESOURCES WATER RIGHTS WATER SCARCITY WATER SCARCITY PROBLEMS WATER SUPPLY WATER SUPPLY SERVICES WATER TABLES WATER USE WATERS WATERSHEDS WELLS WETLANDS ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT WATER RESOURCES CONSERVATION WATER ALLOCATION FISHERIES OIL & GAS ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION SOIL EROSION POPULATION INCREASE POVERTY INCIDENCE INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY WATER POLLUTION LAND DEGRADATION HABITAT DESTRUCTION BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION WATER MANAGEMENT ECO-TOURISM WASTEWATER COLLECTION SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSAL PEST MANAGEMENT CAPACITY BUILDING PILOT PROJECTS DISASTER PREPAREDNESS MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS WATER LAW LAND USE PLANNING DESERTIFICATION CONTROL PRIVATIZATION OF SERVICES MEDICAL WASTES
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Yemen, Republic of
2013-08-21T21:11:56Z | 2013-08-21T21:11:56Z | 2000-01-21

The review focuses on development and the environment in Yemen, particularly analyzing the environment resource base, where renewable fresh water is scarce, mainly ground water, and its over exploitation is one of the country's major environmental problems. Fisheries resources are also important, while oil and gas are significant resources contributing to some eighty five percent of Yemen's export revenues. Environmental problems are caused fundamentally due to: population growth; poverty; and institutional weaknesses. Main issues discussed include water depletion, pollution and supply; land, and habitat degradation, in addition to soil erosion; and, loss of biodiversity, mostly resulting from poor management of water and eco-tourism. Waste water and solid waste management, including hazardous waste and pesticide management, are outlined as serious environmental problems, requiring immediate appropriate disposal. Priority actions of the national environment action plan identify the need for institutional capacity building regarding environmental management, to include local pilot programs, as well as disaster preparedness at Aden, and Hodeidah ports concerning oil spills. Likewise, the water resources authority should be strengthened, to include the development of water resources information systems, and a comprehensive Water Law. Land use planning should be established to promote land zoning, and registration; a desertification control program should be implemented, and grazing reserves, and pest management techniques promoted. It is suggested waste management would be improved through privatization of solid waste collection, of water treatment, and of disposal of hazardous wastes, while the regulation of hospital waste disposal, should undergo pilot testing.

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