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Household Welfare and Poverty Dynamics in Burkina Faso : Empirical Evidence from Household Surveys

ABSOLUTE POVERTY ABSOLUTE TERMS AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AVERAGE GROWTH AVERAGE GROWTH RATE AVERAGE INCOME BASIC EDUCATION CORRELATION ANALYSIS DATA COLLECTION DATA SETS DEVELOPING WORLD DIVIDENDS DROUGHT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES EDUCATION LEVEL EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT ELASTICITIES EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE EMPIRICAL RESULTS EXPENDITURES FOOD CONSUMPTION GINI COEFFICIENT GINI INDEX GROUP LEVEL GROWTH ELASTICITY GROWTH PROCESS GROWTH RATES HEAD-COUNT RATIO HEADCOUNT POVERTY HIGH GROWTH HIGH POVERTY HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSEHOLD WELFARE HUMAN CAPITAL INCOME DATA INCOME DISTRIBUTION INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS INCOME INEQUALITY INCOME LEVEL INCOME REDISTRIBUTION INCOME SHARE INCOME SHORTFALL INEQUALITY ELASTICITY INFLATION INFLATION RATE INFORMAL SECTOR LANDLOCKED COUNTRY MACROECONOMICS MARKET PRICES MEAN INCOME MEDIUM TERM NATIONAL AVERAGE NATIONAL INCOME NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL POVERTY NATURAL RESOURCES NEGATIVE EFFECT NEGATIVE SIGN NEW POOR PER CAPITA EXPENDITURE PER CAPITA INCOME PER CAPITA INCOMES POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY RESEARCH POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR PEOPLE POPULATION DYNAMICS POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION SHARE POVERTY DYNAMICS POVERTY GAP POVERTY GAP INDEX POVERTY INCREASE POVERTY INDEX POVERTY LINE POVERTY MAP POVERTY MEASURE POVERTY MEASURES POVERTY RATE POVERTY RATES POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POVERTY TRENDS PRIVATE SECTORS PRODUCERS PRODUCTIVE ASSETS PUBLIC RESOURCES PUBLIC SPENDING PUBLIC TRANSFERS PURCHASING POWER PURCHASING POWER PARITY RANDOM SAMPLING REGIONAL PRICE DIFFERENCES RELATIVE CONTRIBUTION RURAL AREAS RURAL POOR RURAL POPULATION RURAL POVERTY SAMPLE SELECTION SAMPLE SIZE SAMPLING FRAME SOCIAL POLICY SPATIAL ANALYSIS SPATIAL DIMENSIONS SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION STRUCTURAL REFORMS SUBSISTENCE FARMERS TARGETING TERMS OF TRADE UNEQUAL DISTRIBUTION URBAN AREAS URBAN POVERTY WAGE INCOME WAGES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Burkina Faso
2014-08-26T15:33:12Z | 2014-08-26T15:33:12Z | 2001-04

The authors investigate the dynamics of poverty and income inequality in a cross-section of socio-economic groups and geographical regions over the five-year growth period following the 1994 devaluation of the CFA franc in Burkina Faso. Results show rapidly increasing urban poverty accompanied by rising income inequality, declining poverty -growth elasticities, and significant changes in the poverty map. In rural areas, the incidence of poverty remained the same and income inequality did not increase. In contrast, the distribution of welfare across socio-economic groups was more stable. The rank ordering of socioeconomic groups on the welfare scale did not change during the post-devaluation growth period. Poverty remains largely a rural phenomenon, whose inelastic nature may justify a shift toward growth-oriented policies that at least maintain the rural poor's share of income to reduce poverty in the medium term. Among factors that feed into income inequality: disparities in wages and in educational attainment and unequal access to productive assets (especially human capital).

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