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Republic of Djibouti : Education Strategy Note

EDUCATION SECTOR SECTORAL ADJUSTMENT SECTORAL PLANNING SECTORAL ASSESSMENT ACCESS TO EDUCATION QUALITY OF EDUCATION EDUCATION FOR ALL EDUCATIONAL REFORM ECONOMIC REFORM EDUCATIONAL INDICATORS ENROLMENT RATIO EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS LEGAL FRAMEWORK BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM TRAINING PROGRAMS EQUITY IN EDUCATION LEARNING PROCESSES TEACHER SHORTAGES EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES DROPOUT RATE COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS PUBLIC RESOURCES PUBLIC EXPENDITURES STUDIES GIRLS' EDUCATION SOCIAL PRESSURE HIGHER EDUCATION GENDER EQUALITY CURRICULUM CHANGE EDUCATIONAL FINANCING PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION ACADEMIC YEAR ACHIEVEMENT ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME ADAPTABILITY ADDITION ADULT LITERACY AGE GROUP AGED ARMED CONFLICT BASIC EDUCATION CANCER CERTIFIED TEACHERS CHILD MALNUTRITION CLASSROOMS COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION COMPULSORY EDUCATION CONSULTATIVE PROCESS CURRICULA CURRICULUM CURRICULUM REFORM DECENTRALIZATION DECISION MAKING DROPOUT RATES ECONOMIC REFORMS ECONOMIC STATUS EDUCATION ACTIVITIES EDUCATION BUDGET EDUCATION EXPENDITURES EDUCATION INDICATORS EDUCATION LAW EDUCATION LEVEL EDUCATION REFORM EDUCATION SECTOR EDUCATION SYSTEM EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURE EFFECTIVE MEANS EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ENROLLMENT ENROLLMENT RATE EXERCISES FAMILIES FEMALE CIRCUMCISION FEMALE ENROLLMENT FEMALE STUDENTS GENDER EQUITY GENDER GAP GER GIRLS GROSS ENROLLMENT GROSS ENROLLMENT RATES HOUSING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ILLITERACY IMMUNODEFICIENCY INSTRUCTION INSTRUCTORS INTERVENTION INTERVENTIONS LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION LANGUAGES LEARNING LEARNING MATERIALS LEVELS OF EDUCATION LITERACY LITERACY INSTRUCTION LITERACY PROGRAMS LITERACY TRAINING LITERATURE LOW ENROLLMENT LOW ENROLLMENT RATES MATHEMATICS MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION MORTALITY MOTHERS NATIONAL EDUCATION NER NET ENROLLMENT OVERALL ENROLLMENT PARENTS PER CAPITA INCOME PHYSICAL EDUCATION POPULATION GROWTH POVERTY REDUCTION PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY ENROLLMENT PRIMARY ENROLLMENT RATES PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENTS PRIMARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS PRIMARY SCHOOLS PRINCIPALS PRIVATE EDUCATION PRIVATE SECTOR PROFESSIONAL TRAINING PUBLIC SCHOOLS PUBLIC SECTOR QUALITY OF EDUCATION READING REFUGEES REPEATERS REPETITION RURAL AREAS SCHOLARSHIPS SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION SCHOOL DROPOUTS SCHOOL EXPERIENCE SCHOOL HOURS SCHOOL MANAGEMENT SCHOOL MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES SCHOOLING SCHOOLS SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY LEVEL SECONDARY SCHOOLS SIGNIFICANT IMPACT SOCIAL SERVICES SPEAKING TEACHER TEACHER MOTIVATION TEACHER SALARIES TEACHER SELECTION TEACHER STANDARDS TEACHER TRAINEES TEACHER TRAINING TEACHERS TEACHING TEACHING METHODS TEACHING STAFF TEACHING TECHNIQUES TECHNICAL EDUCATION TERTIARY EDUCATION TEXTBOOKS UNEMPLOYMENT UNIVERSAL ACCESS UNIVERSITY EDUCATION URBAN AREAS VOCATIONAL TRAINING YOUNG PEOPLE
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Djibouti
2013-08-27T20:43:30Z | 2013-08-27T20:43:30Z | 2002-06-14

This strategy note highlights issues derived from the preparation of the Djibouti School Access and Improvement Project, on the overall strategy of the education sector reforms, and long-term economic reforms. It reviews the country's education indicators - among the lowest in the world - where primary gross enrollment is under forty percent, and basic education enrollment, under twenty nine percent. Djibouti's curriculum is mainly based on the French education system, barely relevant to the country's needs. To this end, the Government established a National Education Forum, which recommended changes in the education law, which were codified into a new law, adopted in August 2000. Educational restructuring took place, moving from a six-year compulsory primary school system, to a nine-year compulsory basic education system (consolidating primary, and basic education), to meet the target set for basic education for all. However, the education and training system faces serious issues, namely access to, and equity of education; weak quality of learning due to insufficient teachers, and archaic pedagogic methods; high repetition and drop-out rates, due to competitive entrance examinations, and/or social pressures; and, insufficient Government resources to increase access, or improve quality. Recommendations suggest to conduct studies on factors affecting family incentives to foster school enrollment, particularly for girls' education, and those affecting quality of education, and, to review adaptability of curricula to the local context, social demands for higher education, and gender equity issues, in addition to financing options, in particular recurrent cost issues, with a focus on the role of the private sector.

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