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Poverty Alleviation in Jordan : Lessons for the Future

ABSOLUTE POVERTY ABSOLUTE POVERTY LINE ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS AVERAGE FAMILY SIZE AVERAGE INCOMES BASIC FOODSTUFFS BASIC HEALTH BASIC NEEDS BENEFICIARY HOUSEHOLDS BUDGET DEFICITS BULLETIN CALORIE INTAKE CALORIES PER PERSON CASH TRANSFERS CHANGES IN POVERTY CHRONICALLY POOR COMPENSATORY MEASURES CONFLICT CONSUMER PRICE INDEX CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE CONSUMPTION POVERTY CREDIT PROGRAMS CUMULATIVE DISTRIBUTION CUMULATIVE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION DATA SETS DECLINE IN FERTILITY DECLINE IN POVERTY DEPENDENCY RATIO DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS DEVELOPMENT OF POLICIES DEVELOPMENT POLICIES DEVELOPMENT PRACTITIONERS DISSEMINATION DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACT ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC SHOCKS EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EMPLOYMENT STATUS ESTIMATES OF POVERTY EXTREME POVERTY FAMILY SIZE FOOD BASKET FOOD COUPONS FOOD EXPENDITURE FOOD ITEMS FOOD PRICE FOOD PRICE SUBSIDIES FOOD SHARE FOOD SUBSIDIES GINI INDEX GOVERNMENT POLICIES GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS GOVERNMENT SUPPORT GROWTH COMPONENT GROWTH EFFECT GROWTH PATTERN GROWTH RATE HEALTH INSURANCE HIGH POVERTY HIGHER INCIDENCE OF POVERTY HOSPITAL HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD DATA HOUSEHOLD HEAD HOUSEHOLD HEADS HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT ILLITERACY ILLNESS IMPACT ON POVERTY INCIDENCE OF POVERTY INCOME DISTRIBUTION INCOME INEQUALITY INCOME LEVELS INCOME SHORTFALL INCREASE POVERTY INCREASING INEQUALITY INEQUALITY INEQUALITY CONSTANT INEQUALITY MEASURES INEQUITIES INFANT INFANT MORTALITY INFLATION RATE INSURANCE JOB OPPORTUNITIES LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE LEGAL STATUS LEVEL OF EDUCATION LIFE EXPECTANCY LIVE BIRTHS LIVING CONDITIONS LONG RUN LOW WAGES MARITAL STATUS MEASUREMENT OF POVERTY MICRO-CREDIT MILK NATIONAL ACCOUNTS NATIONAL COMMITTEE NATURAL DISASTERS NEGATIVE IMPACT NUMBER OF WORKERS NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL INTAKES NUTRITIONAL NEEDS PEACE PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA EXPENDITURE PER CAPITA EXPENDITURE LEVELS PER CAPITA GROWTH PER CAPITA INCOME PER CAPITA INCOMES POLICY ANALYSIS POLICY DEBATE POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY RESPONSE POOR POOR COMMUNITIES POOR HOUSEHOLD POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR PEOPLE POOR PERSON POORER HOUSEHOLDS POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATES POPULATION INCREASE POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY ALLEVIATION EFFORTS POVERTY ASSESSMENT POVERTY ESTIMATES POVERTY GAP POVERTY GAP INDEX POVERTY IMPACT POVERTY INCIDENCE POVERTY INDICATORS POVERTY LINE POVERTY LINES POVERTY MEASURES POVERTY POVERTY POVERTY PROFILE POVERTY RATE POVERTY REDUCTION PRACTITIONERS PRO-POOR PUBLIC DEBATE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC WORKS PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS RAPID GROWTH RATES OF GROWTH RECREATION REDUCED INEQUALITY REDUCED POVERTY REDUCING POVERTY REDUCTION IN POVERTY REFORM POLICIES REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION REGIONAL INEQUALITY RELATIVE PRICES REPATRIATION RESPECT RETURN MIGRATION RISK-TAKING BEHAVIOR RURAL RURAL AREAS SAFE WATER SAFETY NET SCHOOL-AGE POPULATION SEX SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL WORKERS SQUARED POVERTY GAP SQUARED POVERTY GAP INDEX STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT REFORMS SUSTAINABLE REDUCTION OF POVERTY TARGETED TRANSFERS TARGETING TOTAL POVERTY TOTAL POVERTY LINE TRADE LIBERALIZATION TRANSFER PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION TREATY UNEMPLOYMENT UNIVERSITY EDUCATION URBAN AREAS URBAN POPULATION VULNERABILITY WARS WATER RESOURCES WELFARE INDICATOR WELFARE LEVEL WELFARE MEASURE WELFARE MEASURES WELFARE PROGRAM ZAKAT
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Washington, DC: World Bank
Middle East and North Africa | Jordan
2013-06-13T16:41:07Z | 2013-06-13T16:41:07Z | 2001-06

This report draws lessons for improving the policy design of poverty alleviation schemes in Jordan. The conclusions herein are based on analyses of trends in consumption poverty in Jordan and assessment of the impact of government programs (including food subsidies and cash transfers) on poverty alleviation in the 1990s. Poverty declined between 1992 and 1997 because inequality declined. Government programs, especially those targeted to the poor like the National Aid Fund, contributed to poverty alleviation. However, poverty continues to be a major policy challenge for Jordan: the poor and near-poor remain vulnerable as a result of the shallowness of poverty in Jordan (many people are concentrated close to the poverty line) and the adverse effects of potential shocks. The report concludes the following: 1) sustainable poverty reduction requires resumption and sustainability of growth; 2) there is a need for a policy response to the vulnerability of the poor and near-poor to economic shocks; 3) the capacity of the National Aid Fund (NAF) needs to be significantly enhanced; and 4) continued priority needs to be placed on human development policies, particularly those affecting the poor.

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