"Mfuko wa Elimu Msingi" - or the Community Education Fund (CEF) - was started in 1995. It was extended as one of the two key components under the Human Resources Development Project (HRDP) launched in 1997. The HRDP is a pilot project undertaken by the Government of Tanzania and financed by a $20.9 million World Bank IDA credit. It is intended to pilot solutions to some of the key problems of access and quality that characterize the Tanzania education system. What was first regarded with skepticism has now expanded four times beyond its original target and is emerging as a viable solution to the issues of funding, improving primary education and increasing community involvement.