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Poverty Reduction in Egypt : Diagnosis and Strategy, Volume 1. Main Report

ABSOLUTE POVERTY ABSOLUTE POVERTY LINES ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME AGED AGRICULTURAL SECTOR ANNUAL GROWTH ANNUAL GROWTH RATE ANNUAL RATE ASSESSING POVERTY AVERAGE LEVEL BASIC EDUCATION CASH TRANSFERS CHILD LABOR CIVIL SOCIETY COMMODITY SUBSIDIES CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY CURRENCY UNIT DATA COLLECTION DATA ISSUES DEVELOPMENT GOALS DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS DEVELOPMENT PROCESS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY DOMESTIC CREDIT ECONOMIC COOPERATION ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC SHOCKS EDUCATION LEVEL EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EMPLOYMENT ENROLLMENT RATIO EXCHANGE RATE EXPENDITURE GROUP FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS FOOD BASKET FOOD POVERTY LINE FOOD SUBSIDIES GENDER BIAS GIRLS GROWTH DETERMINANTS GROWTH ELASTICITY GROWTH RATES HEALTH STATUS HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION HOUSEHOLD HEAD HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSING HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT ILLITERACY IMMUNIZATION IMMUNODEFICIENCY INCOME COUNTRIES INCOME DISTRIBUTION INCOME GROUPS INCOME POVERTY INDIVIDUAL LEVEL INEQUALITY INFLATION RATE INFORMAL SECTOR LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LIFTING MALARIA MALNUTRITION MANUFACTURING SECTOR MEAN EXPENDITURES MEAN GROWTH MEASLES MEASURING POVERTY MORTALITY MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS NATIONAL ACCOUNTS NATIONAL AVERAGE NATIONAL INCOME NON-INCOME DIMENSIONS NON-POOR HOUSEHOLDS NUTRITION PARTNERSHIP PER CAPITA EXPENDITURE POOR CHILDREN POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR PEOPLE POVERTY CHANGES POVERTY GROUP POVERTY GROUPS POVERTY LINE POVERTY LINES POVERTY MEASURES POVERTY OUTCOMES POVERTY PROFILE POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POVERTY STATUS POVERTY TARGETING POVERTY TRENDS PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE TRANSFERS PRO-POOR PRO-POOR GROWTH PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SERVICES PURCHASING POWER PARITY QUALITY OF LIFE RAPID GROWTH REDUCING POVERTY REGIONAL DISPARITIES REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION RELATIVE PRICES RURAL AREAS SAFETY SAFETY NET SAFETY NETS SECONDARY DATA STATISTICAL ANALYSIS SUSTAINABLE GROWTH TARGETING MECHANISMS TASK TEAM LEADER UNEMPLOYMENT UNIVERSITY GRADUATES URBAN AREAS WIDOWS WORKERS YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT POVERTY ASSESSMENTS STATISTICAL ANALYSIS HOUSEHOLD DATA POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES NON-INCOME DIMENSIONS POVERTY INCIDENCE URBAN-RURAL DRIFT REGIONAL DISPARITY GEOGRAPHIC VARIABLES EDUCATION & ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION & THE POOR INEQUITY UNEMPLOYMENT RATES GENDER DIFFERENCES RURAL CONDITIONS JOB CREATION PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH INCOME DISTRIBUTION EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES SOCIAL SAFETY NETS
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Egypt, Arab Republic of
2013-08-27T20:59:04Z | 2013-08-27T20:59:04Z | 2002-06-29

The report, the first in an ongoing program, presents the results of a statistical analysis of household-level data for the periods 1995/1996, and 1999/2000, as a contribution to the preparation of a comprehensive poverty reduction strategy in Egypt. Despite considerable progress towards improving some of the non-income dimensions of poverty, more needs to be done to ease poverty. The main findings suggest a changing picture of poverty in the country, where poverty patterns changed from the urban-rural divide that had characterized the past, to a geographical/regional pattern, highlighting the lack of education as the strongest correlate of poverty. Statistics show that while inequality rose slightly for Egypt as a whole, the level was still comparable to other middle income countries; unemployment was high in urban areas; and, gender differences in poverty were small at an overall level, but were significant across regions, particularly in rural areas. Given the changing, complex picture of poverty in Egypt, a poverty reduction strategy will have to be comprehensive, yet flexible, hence, the report suggests a more sustainable growth in jobs, productivity, and incomes for the poorest; improved educational opportunities both for men, and women; reversal of growing, regional disparities in incomes, opportunities, and services; and, provision of safety nets that protect the most vulnerable.

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