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Arab Republic of Egypt - Toward Agricultural Competitiveness in the 21st Century : An Agricultural Export-Oriented Strategy

AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT COMPETITIVENESS AGRICULTURAL EXPORT DIVERSIFICATION EXPORT PROMOTION COTTON INDUSTRY HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS MARKETING TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER SKILLS INVENTORIES RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT QUALITY STANDARDS INFRASTRUCTURE LAND MANAGEMENT WATER MANAGEMENT PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY TRADE POLICY REGIONAL TRADE AGREEMENTS INTERNATIONAL TRADE EXPORT MARKETING AGRIBUSINESS AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENTS AGRICULTURAL LABOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY AGRICULTURAL TRADE AGRICULTURE ANTI-EXPORT BIAS BARLEY BRAN BREEDING BROADBEANS CENTRAL PLANNING CEREALS COMMERCIAL FARMERS COMMODITIES COMMODITY COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES COMPETITIVENESS CONFLICTING NEEDS CONSUMERS CONTRACT FARMING CONTRACTUAL ARRANGEMENTS COOPERATIVES COTTON COTTON MARKETING COTTON PRICES COTTON PRODUCTION COTTON SECTOR COTTON STALKS COTTONSEED COTTONSEED OIL COWPEAS CROP CROP HUSBANDRY CROP RESIDUES CROP ROTATION CROPPING CROPPING INTENSITY CROPPING PATTERNS CULTIVATION DEREGULATION DEVALUATION ECONOMIC GROWTH EMPLOYMENT EQUIPMENT EXCHANGE RATE EXPORT CROPS EXPORT GROWTH EXPORTS EXTENSION EXTENSION SERVICES FAO FARM FARM INCOME FARM INCOMES FARM MANAGEMENT FARMERS FARMING FARMS FIELD CROPS FIXED PRICES FLAX FLOOR PRICE FLOWERS FOREIGN COMPETITION FREE MARKETS GRAIN GRAPES GREEN BEANS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROUNDNUTS HARVESTING HAY HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES HORTICULTURAL CROPS HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS HORTICULTURE IMPORTS INSURANCE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT INTEGRATION IRRIGATION JUTE LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LAND RECLAMATION LENTILS LIVESTOCK LIVING STANDARDS
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Egypt, Arab Republic of
2013-08-28T20:44:36Z | 2013-08-28T20:44:36Z | 2001-12-21

The report proposes key elements for an agricultural export-oriented strategy in Egypt, that would build on the achievements of the agricultural strategy during the 1990s. Substantial improvements in the country's macroeconomic environment, following policy reforms - though necessary - have not been sufficient to improve agricultural export performance. Overall, while Egyptian agricultural production increased during the 90s, agricultural exports remained low, and, the fact that both Egyptian production, and world market trends are substantially less volatile, is a first indicator of the potential to increase agricultural exports. The proposed agricultural export strategy starts with an analysis of the agricultural export potential in the country, which includes a review on the overall agricultural export performance; an analysis of the incentive framework in agriculture, including estimates of the current nominal, and effective protection rates of key imports, and exports, and, the estimated effects of alternative agricultural, and trade policy reform scenarios, on the returns to farming in alternative crops. This analysis identifies two agricultural sub-sectors - cotton and horticultural crops - from which Egypt, contingent on policy reforms, could benefit from potentially substantial comparative advantages in trade. Based on the recognition that export promotion requires a mix of sector-wide, and sub-sector specific reforms, the rational focus of the report was to identify the main impediments of export growth in the cotton, and horticultural sectors. The report further offers suggestions to phasing in reforms, so that policies increasing farming returns in exports, precede those that will decrease (absolute) returns in competing crops.

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