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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

Lebanon : Policy Note on Irrigation Sector Sustainability

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURE ANNUAL FLOW ANNUAL RAINFALL BASIN BOD CANALS CATCHMENT CATCHMENT AREA CATCHMENT AREAS CHANNELS CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND CHLORIDE COASTAL AREAS COD CONDUCTIVITY CONSERVATION CONSTRUCTION COVERING CROPS DAMS DAMS/RESERVOIRS DEEP PERCOLATION DEEP WELLS DISCHARGE DIVERSION DOMESTIC WATER DRAINAGE DREDGING DRINKING WATER DRIP IRRIGATION DROUGHT DRY SEASON EFFICIENT WATER USE EFFLUENT EMBANKMENTS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EVAPORATION EXPORT FARMERS FARMING FERTILIZERS FLOOD DAMAGE FLOOD PREVENTION FLOOD RELIEF FLOODING FLOODS GROUNDWATER GROUNDWATER RECHARGE GROUNDWATER RESOURCES GROUNDWATER SOURCES GROUNDWATER TABLE HYDRAULICS HYDROLOGICAL NETWORK IMPORTS INDUSTRIAL USE INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER INFILTRATION INFILTRATION RATES INTAKE STRUCTURES IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE IRRIGATION IRRIGATION PURPOSES IRRIGATION SCHEME IRRIGATION SYSTEMS IRRIGATION WATER JURISDICTION LAND USE LEGAL FRAMEWORK LEGISLATION OXYGEN OXYGEN DEMAND PERMITS PESTICIDES POLLUTION POLLUTION CONTROL POPULATION DENSITY POTABLE WATER POWER GENERATION PRECIPITATION PRIVATE WELLS PROGRAMS PUBLIC HEALTH PUMPING PUMPING STATIONS QUALITY OF WATER QUALITY STANDARDS QUALITY WATER RAIN RAINFALL RIVER RIVER BASINS RIVERS RUNOFF RURAL COMMUNITIES SEA SEASONAL FLOWS SEAWATER SEWAGE SEWAGE EFFLUENT SEWERAGE SMALL SCALE IRRIGATION SOLID WASTE SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL SOURCES OF WATER SPRING SPRING WATER SPRINGS STORAGE CAPACITY SUBTERRANEAN WATER SURFACE WATER TREATED WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS WASTEWATER WASTEWATER TREATMENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER ALLOCATIONS WATER AUTHORITIES WATER BALANCE WATER CHANNELS WATER DEMAND WATER LAW WATER LAWS WATER LOGGING WATER MONITORING WATER QUALITY WATER REQUIREMENTS WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCES WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT WATER RESOURCES UTILIZATION WATER RIGHTS WATER SCARCITY WATER SECTOR WATER SERVICES WATER SHORTAGE WATER SHORTAGES WATER SOURCES WATER STORAGE WATER SUPPLY WATER TARIFF POLICY WATER TARIFFS WATER USE WATER USER ASSOCIATIONS WATERCOURSES WATERSHED WELL CONSTRUCTION WELLS
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Lebanon
2013-07-08T16:43:24Z | 2013-07-08T16:43:24Z | 2003-11

This Policy Note has three main objectives : a) formulate strategic choices related to the sustainability of irrigated agriculture in Lebanon. b) recommend institutional strengthening of water resource management in the irrigation sector in general, especially for operations and maintenance (O&M). c) define the Bank's future involvement in the irrigated agriculture sector. As demand for domestic, industrial, and agriculture water increases, Lebanon could face chronic water shortages in the next two decades, particularly in the summer months. In fact, signs of such shortages are already apparent, data on water demand and water balance are conflicting, but they generally indicate that the overall annual water balance will practically go into deficit just after 2020, while the dry season balance will be in deficit in 2004. In addition to existing structural problems, the quality of existing water resources is being undercut by pollution, such as, direct discharges of municipal and industrial wastewater, uncontrolled solid waste disposal, leaching of pesticides and fertilizers from agricultural lands, and seawater intrusion along the coast as a result of over exploiting groundwater. Faced with this challenge, the Government of Lebanon (GOL) has taken measures to enhance the sustainability of water resources in the country, including irrigation, which accounts for about two thirds of the annual water use.

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