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Economic & Sector Work :: Education Sector Review

Strengthening the Foundation of Education and Training in Kenya : Opportunities and Challenges in Primary and General Secondary Education

EDUCATION POLICIES PRIMARY EDUCATION FINANCE SCHOOL ENROLLMENT TEXTBOOK ACCESS QUALITY EDUCATION STAKEHOLDER PARTICIPATION RESOURCE ALLOCATION LABOR MARKET TRAINING ACTIVITIES PROJECT COSTS PROJECT FINANCING GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT LABOR FORCE HIV AIDS INFECTIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MACROECONOMIC CONTEXT EDUCATION SECTOR PREPRIMARY EDUCATION TRAINING ACTIVITIES TECHNICAL EDUCATION VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ADULT EDUCATION DROPOUT RATES GRADE REPETITION TEACHERS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE DONOR PARTICIPATION PUBLIC SPENDING HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT DECENTRALIZATION OF EDUCATION ACHIEVEMENT ADULT EDUCATION BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY CLASSROOM CONSTRUCTION COMPOSITION CURRICULUM DECENTRALIZATION DROP-OUT RATES DROPOUT RATES ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC TRANSITION EDUCATION EXPENDITURES EDUCATION QUALITY EDUCATION SECTOR EDUCATION SERVICES EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT ENROLLMENT RATE EXAMINATION PERFORMANCE FREE PRIMARY GENERAL SECONDARY EDUCATION GER GROSS ENROLLMENT GROSS ENROLLMENT RATES GROSS ENROLLMENT RATIO HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS LEARNING LEARNING MATERIALS LITERACY LITERACY PROGRAMS LOW ENROLLMENT NATIONAL EDUCATION NONFORMAL EDUCATION PHYSICS POVERTY REDUCTION PREPRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENT PRIMARY SCHOOLS PRIMARY TEACHERS PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC PRIMARY PUBLIC SCHOOLS PUPILS QUALITY OF EDUCATION READING READING SCORES REPETITION REPETITION RATE REPETITION RATES SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SCHOOL LIBRARIES SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY ENROLLMENT SECONDARY LEVEL SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TEACHER TEACHER SALARIES TEACHER TRAINING TEACHER TRAINING COLLEGES TEACHERS TEACHING TECHNICAL EDUCATION TEXTBOOKS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
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Washington, DC
Africa | Kenya
2013-07-31T21:40:24Z | 2013-07-31T21:40:24Z | 2004-03-03

The new Government has instituted immediate policy changes in the education sector to jump-start the system. Under the Free Primary Education (FPE) policy started this year, school fees and levies are abolished at primary level, thereby greatly relieving the household burden of financing primary education. Households immediately responded. Including both public and non-public schools, the primary education gross enrollment rate jumped to over 100 percent, with close to 1 million enrollment increase from the previous year. Enrollment in primary schools has reached 7.2 million this year from 6.3 million in 2002. Quality improvement measures have also taken place at this level, with nationwide provision of funding directly to primary schools through a capitation grant of 1,020 Kenyan Shillings per pupil to finance the purchase of textbooks and other teaching and learning materials, as well as to support other school operation activities. The expansion of school enrollment and the improvement of education quality at primary level will continue during the subsequent years. The development at this level has increased pressure on as well as provided opportunities to the other subsectors. A wider sector reform agenda needs to be put in place immediately. The Kenya National Education Conference held in November 2003 provided an opportunity for the discussions of a sector strategic plan with all the stakeholders. A sector-wide program with wider coverage will be developed based on the sector strategic plan. This sector review has emphasized the primary and secondary subsectors, although the postsecondary levels are covered in the discussions of the system coverage, management, and resource allocation. This is mainly owing to the fact that a labor market study is planned to be conducted jointly by the Bank and the Government. The information from that study will be crucial to the analysis of the external efficiency of the sector, particularly with close linkages with postsecondary level education and training.

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