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United Republic of Tanzania Public Expenditure Review FY03 : Managing Public Expenditures for Poverty Reduction - Report on Fiscal Developments and Public Expenditure Management Issues

ACCOUNT ACCOUNTABILITY ACCOUNTING ACCOUNTS AGGREGATE FISCAL DISCIPLINE ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES AUDITING AUDITORS AUDITS BENEFIT INCIDENCE BUDGET ALLOCATIONS BUDGET CLASSIFICATION BUDGET IMPLEMENTATION BUDGET MANAGEMENT BUDGET PROCESS BUDGET SYSTEM BUDGETING CENTRAL GOVERNMENT CIVIL SOCIETY COMMERCIAL BANKS CONSENSUS COST ESTIMATES COUNCILS COUNTRY OWNERSHIP CUSTOMS EXEMPTIONS DEBT DEBT SERVICE DISTRICTS DOMESTIC BORROWING DONOR ASSISTANCE ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC STABILITY ECONOMIC STRUCTURE ELECTRICITY EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGE RATE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL SYSTEMS FISCAL FISCAL DEFICIT FISCAL INCENTIVES FISCAL MANAGEMENT FISCAL PERFORMANCE FISCAL POLICY FOREIGN ASSISTANCE FOREIGN BORROWING GOVERNMENT GOVERNMENT BUDGETS GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES GOVERNMENT POLICY HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT INFLATION LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE SURVEY LOCAL AUTHORITIES LOCAL AUTHORITY LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENT BUDGETS LONG TERM LONG-TERM PERSPECTIVE MINISTRY OF FINANCE PARTICIPATORY MONITORING POLICY MEASURES POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY HEALTH CARE PROCUREMENT PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW PUBLIC EXPENDITURES PUBLIC FUNDS PUBLIC POLICY PUBLIC SECTOR REAL ECONOMIC GROWTH RECURRENT EXPENDITURES REPRESENTATIVES RESOURCE ALLOCATION RESOURCE ALLOCATIONS REVENUE PERFORMANCE ROADS SAVINGS SECTOR MINISTRIES SERVICE DELIVERY SHORT TERM SOCIAL EXPENDITURES SOCIAL SECTOR TASK TEAM LEADER TAX TAX EXEMPTIONS TAX POLICY TAX SYSTEM TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TECHNOCRATIC TRANSPARENCY WAGES PUBLIC EXPENDITURES POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES FISCAL POLICY BUDGET SYSTEMS CASH FLOW PUBLIC SPENDING BUDGET PROCESS AID ALLOCATION GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT REVENUE MEASURES TAX POLICY FOREIGN ASSISTANCE COMPETITIVENESS POLICY REFORM INTERNATIONAL TRADE MICROECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AID FLOWS ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES AUDITING REPORTING SYSTEMS MONITORING & EVALUATION
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Washington, DC
Africa | Tanzania
2013-07-29T20:30:01Z | 2013-07-29T20:30:01Z | 2003-06-30

In line with the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) context, this external evaluation looks at budgetary developments, primarily through the lens of the PRS, thus with important implications for the Public Expenditure Review (PER) process, which has evolved into the principal analytic instrument to support the translation of PRS objectives and strategies, into budgets. Overall fiscal policy remained very conservative in FY02, and FY03. Tanzania continues to use a cash budget system that strictly constrains spending, and commitment levels to short term availability of cash. While the system was clearly useful, improvements in budget and aid management put the continued use of a cash budget system into question; thus it is advisable to revisit options for relaxing the stringency of the cash budget. Nevertheless, the revenue to gross domestic product (GDP) ratio, fell marginally to 12.1 percent in FY02, but is projected to reach 12.5 percent in FY03, therefore, with respect to new tax policy measures, it will be important to pay attention to the impact of such measures on poverty and growth. However, given that foreign assistance increased in FY02 to 5.9 percent of GDP, and is projected to increase to 7.9 percent in FY03, there is the need to pursue policies that would support Tanzania's international competitiveness, and minimize the potential "Dutch disease" effects of aid. Upon review of the micro-aspects of development assistance, it would be useful to improve the scope of the information, and in turn, the Ministry of Finance ( MoF) should routinely obtain this information, so as to incorporate/synchronize it with current aid flow data bases. Further recommendations address functional allocation of resources and distribution, requirements concerning auditing, and reporting standards, and, the inclusion of participatory monitoring and evaluation, as an important feedback mechanism into the PER process.

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