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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

The Pension System in Iran : Challenges and Opportunities, Volume 1. Main Report

ACCOUNTABILITY ACCRUAL RATES ACCUMULATION PERIOD ACTUARIES ANNUITIES AUDITING AUDITS BALANCE SHEETS BENEFICIARIES BENEFIT FORMULA CAPITALIZATION CIVIL SERVICE CONTINGENT LIABILITIES CONTRACTUAL SAVINGS CONTRIBUTION RATE CONTRIBUTION RATES CONTRIBUTORY SYSTEMS COVERAGE CURRENT ASSETS DEBT DEFINED CONTRIBUTIONS DEVELOPMENT POLICIES EARLY RETIREMENT PROGRAMS ECONOMIC COOPERATION ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC SECTORS EXCHANGE RATE EXPENDITURES FIDUCIARY FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITIES FINANCIAL MARKETS FINANCIAL SECTOR FISCAL POLICY FISCAL YEAR FULL-CAREER WORKER GDP GDP PER CAPITA GOVERNMENT BONDS GROSS EARNINGS GROWTH RATE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INCOME INDEXATION INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS INSURANCE INSURANCE SYSTEM INTEREST RATE LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKETS LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LIFE EXPECTANCIES LIFE EXPECTANCY LIFE INSURANCE LIFETIME EARNINGS LIQUIDITY MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS MANDATES MANDATORY SAVINGS MARKET DISTORTIONS MARKET POWER NEW ENTRANTS PAYOUT PERIOD PENSION FUND PENSION FUNDS PENSION LIABILITIES PENSION PLANS PENSION REFORM PENSION REFORMS PENSION SCHEMES PENSION SYSTEM PENSION SYSTEMS PENSIONERS POLICY INSTRUMENTS POLITICAL ECONOMY PRIVATIZATION PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PROFITABILITY PUBLIC DEBT PUBLIC ENTERPRISES PUBLIC SYSTEM PURCHASING POWER REPLACEMENT RATE REPLACEMENT RATES RESERVES RETIREES RETIREMENT RETIREMENT AGE RETIREMENT AGES RETIREMENT PLANS RETIREMENT SAVINGS SAVINGS SAVINGS ACCOUNTS SAVINGS SCHEMES SOCIAL ASSISTANCE SOCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL SECURITY SUPERVISORY FRAMEWORK SUPERVISORY INFRASTRUCTURE SURVIVOR BENEFITS SURVIVOR PENSIONS SUSTAINABILITY TAX TREATMENT TRANSFERRED ASSETS UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES VALUATION WAGE HISTORIES WAGES PENSION SYSTEMS OUTREACH ACTIVITIES FINANCING PROGRAMS INCENTIVES EQUITY OBJECTIVES PENSION FUND MANAGEMENT SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS RETIREMENT PROGRAMS PENSION REFORM PENSION FUNDS TAXATION CIVIL SERVICE PENSIONS CIVIL SERVICE PENSIONS INVESTMENTS ADMINISTRATION PENSION COVERAGE RATES OF RETURN WORKERS PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS RISK ALLOCATION MANDATORY SAVING PROGRAMS GOVERNANCE CAPACITY INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY SAVINGS PROMOTION
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Iran, Islamic Republic of
2013-07-29T20:15:56Z | 2013-07-29T20:15:56Z | 2003-09

The present report evaluates the Iranian pension system and proposes a series o f policy interventions to improve outreach, financing mechanisms, incentives, equity, and management. It has been prepared at the request o f the Management and Planning Organization. Given data constraints, the analysis concentrates primarily on the Social Security Organization and the Civil Servants Retirement Organization, the two main pension funds. Occupational funds and non- contributory regimes are surveyed only briefly. The need to look more closely at these schemes in the near future i s emphasized. The report i s organized in eight sections. Section 1 presents the background o f the study. Section 2 provides a general overview o f the Iranian pension system. Sections 3 and 4 present detailed assessments of the Social Security Organization and the Civil Servants Retirement Organization. Section 5 concentrates on the tax treatment o f retirement savings. Section 6 proposes a framework for guiding pension reform, presents a typology o f pension mechanisms, and reviews international experiences. On the basis o f this framework, Section 7 outlines strategic directions for reforming the Iranian pension system and analyzes the financial and fiscal implications. Finally, Section 8 discusses the political economy o f pension reform and recommends necessary steps for the design and implementation o f a successful reform program.

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