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Sudan : Options for the Sustainable Development of the Gezira Scheme

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IRRIGATION SYSTEMS IRRIGATION WATER MANAGEMENT ENTERPRISE SUPPORT COTTON INDUSTRY STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES JOINT VENTURES FINANCE STOCK OWNERSHIP DEBT SERVICE BURDEN PRIVATE FINANCING CONTRACTORS INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY CENTRALIZED STATE AGENCIES MONOPOLIES INFRASTRUCTURE TECHNICAL COOPERATION PRODUCTION CAPACITY SOCIAL INEQUALITY PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION DECENTRALIZATION MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT FARMER MANAGEMENT OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION MARKET INFORMATION ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY ACTUAL YIELDS AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY AGRICULTURE ANIMALS ASSET OWNERSHIP AVERAGE YIELDS BULK WATER CATTLE COMMODITIES COTTON COTTON MARKETING COTTON PRODUCTION CROP CROP PRODUCTION CROP PROTECTION CROP ROTATION CROP YIELDS CROPPING CROPPING INTENSITY CROPPING PATTERNS CROPPING SYSTEMS CROPS DAM DEBT DECISION MAKING DISTRIBUTION OF WATER ECONOMIC ANALYSIS ECONOMICS EFFICIENT WATER USE EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGE RATE EXPENDITURES FAO FARM FARM EMPLOYMENT FARM INCOME FARMER FARMERS FARMING FERTILIZER FIELD TRIALS FLOUR FORESTS GENDER GINNERIES GRAZING GROUNDNUTS GUM ARABIC HERBICIDES IMPORTS INCOME INCOMES INFLATION INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT INTEREST RATES IRRIGATION IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT IRRIGATION SYSTEMS LAND TENURE ISSUES LAND USE LIVESTOCK MACROECONOMICS MARKETING OIL PLOWING POVERTY LINE PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCTION COSTS SEED SEED COTTON SHARECROPPING SMALL RUMINANTS SORGHUM SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE GROWTH UNITED NATIONS USE OF WATER WATER CONSUMPTION WATER DEMAND WATER DISTRIBUTION WATER MANAGEMENT WATER PRICING WATER RATES WATER RESOURCES WATER SOURCE WATER USE WATER USERS WHEAT WTA
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Washington, DC
Africa | Sudan
2013-08-09T20:24:30Z | 2013-08-09T20:24:30Z | 2000-10-27

The report assesses the main factors which constrain the sustainable development of the Gezira Scheme (GS), to develop medium, to long term plans, including short-term actions, to address those constrains. The GS, is described as a large and complex enterprise, because although it is one the world's largest irrigation systems, it has become one of the least efficient, irrespective of the fact that it uses thirty five percent of Sudan's current allocation of Nile water, producing two-thirds of the country's cotton exports. Following debates on recommendations to convert the GS into a joint stock company, the Government requested the Bank to review, and assess options for the GS sustainability. The report identifies the following problem areas: large debt burden; institutional weaknesses, stemming from a centralized administration, and monopoly service enterprises not financially sustainable; infrastructure, and technical deficiencies; uneconomic production due to low average yields; and, social inequities. Recommendations suggest medium to long term plans for institutional change, through public/private partnerships to establish an independent, privately managed Gezira Authority, who would decentralize managerial activities to competent farmer groups, and, in cooperation with government agencies, would coordinate institutional functions in irrigation, agricultural extension, and market information dissemination.

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