Skip navigation

Economic & Sector Work :: Country Economic Memorandum

Sudan - Stabilization and Reconstruction : Country Economic Memorandum, Volume 1. Main Text

ACCOUNTABILITY ADMINISTRATIVE CAPACITY ADVERSE CONSEQUENCES AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AGRICULTURE ANALYTICAL WORK AUTHORITY BALANCE OF PAYMENTS BUDGET ALLOCATIONS BUDGET CONSTRAINTS BUDGETARY ALLOCATIONS CAPACITY BUILDING CENTRAL BANK CIVIL SOCIETY CIVIL WAR COMMERCIAL BANKS CONSTITUENCIES CONSUMPTION POVERTY COUNTRY CONTEXT COUNTRY DATA CURRENCY UNIT DECENTRALIZATION DEREGULATION DEVELOPED COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT POLICIES DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES DIVIDENDS DOMESTIC WATER DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLIES ECONOMIC CONTEXT ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT ECONOMIC MEMORANDUM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE ECONOMIC TRENDS EMPLOYMENT ENTERPRISE REFORM EXCHANGE RATE EXCHANGE RATES EXPENDITURE EXPORTS EXTERNAL DEBT FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL SECTOR FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS FINANCIAL SUPPORT FISCAL FISCAL TRANSPARENCY FISH FISHERIES FOOD INSECURITY FORESTRY FORMAL EMPLOYMENT GDP GDP PER CAPITA GOVERNANCE PROBLEMS GOVERNANCE REFORMS GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS GOVERNMENT REVENUE GOVERNMENT REVENUES GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATE GROWTH RATES HEALTH CARE HEALTH SERVICES HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUMAN CAPACITY HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT HUMAN RESOURCE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES IMPORTS INCOME DISTRIBUTION INCOME GROWTH INEQUALITY INFANT MORTALITY INFLATION INFLATION RATE INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFERS INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT LABOR FORCE LAND DEGRADATION LAND REFORM LDCS LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES LIBERATION LOCAL COMMUNITIES MACROECONOMIC MANAGEMENT MACROECONOMIC REFORMS MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION MARKET PRICES MINISTRY OF FINANCE MONETARY POLICY MONEY SUPPLY NATIONAL ECONOMY NATIONAL INCOME NATIONAL STATE NATIONS NATURAL RESOURCES NUTRITION OIL PER CAPITA INCOME POLICY CHANGES POLITICAL PARTICIPATION POPULATION GROWTH POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POWER PLANTS PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SCHOOL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORM PUBLIC EDUCATION PUBLIC EXPENDITURES PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SERVICE RECURRENT COSTS REFERENDUM REHABILITATION REPRESENTATIVES RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS RURAL AREAS RURAL POVERTY SAVINGS SECONDARY SCHOOLS SECTOR POLICY SERVICE DELIVERY SOCIAL CONDITIONS SOCIAL CONTEXT SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL INDICATORS SOCIAL SERVICES STATE BUDGETS STRUCTURAL REFORMS SUSTAINABLE GROWTH TASK TEAM LEADER TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TERTIARY EDUCATION TOTAL REVENUE TRANSPARENCY URBAN AREAS WATER SUPPLY WEALTH WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WTO MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION MACROECONOMIC REFORM GOVERNANCE INSTITUTIONAL REFORM CONFLICT AREAS POST-CONFLICT RECONSTRUCTION WAR RECOVERY PUBLIC RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PEACE BUILDING PEACE INITIATIVES ECONOMIC GROWTH TRADE LIBERALIZATION MONETARY POLICY EXCHANGE RATE DEVELOPMENTS TARIFF REFORMS DECENTRALIZATION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION EDUCATIONAL FINANCING WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS EDUCATIONAL INVESTMENT WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION SANITATION SERVICES POLITICAL PARTICIPATION WOMEN'S LEGAL STATUS WOMEN'S EDUCATION WOMEN'S HEALTH HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE REFUGEE POLICIES SOCIAL INEQUALITY POVERTY RATES CIVIL WAR DEBT RESCHEDULING SOCIAL SERVICE DELIVERY TRAUMA CARE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN RAPE LEGAL RIGHTS MATERNAL MORTALITY NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE
58
0

Attachments [ 0 ]

There are no files associated with this item.

More Details

Washington, DC
Africa | Sudan
2013-07-26T16:56:39Z | 2013-07-26T16:56:39Z | 2003-06-30

This Country Economic Memorandum is the first economic report in a decade. It gives priority to updating knowledge about the evolution of social and economic developments during the 1990s. It reviewareas of progress in macroeconomic reforms and the lack of success in governance and institutional reforms. Substantial reforms were undertaken in this period , but the civil war continued to have a serious negative impact on Sudan's people and its economic prospects. While the results of the reforms have been promising, particularly in the area of macroeconomic stabilization and liberalization, the distribution of economic wealth needs to improve. Although there has not been any national household survey since 1978, social indicators point to low levels of welfare throughout Sudan, with some indicators well below those in Sub-Saharan Africa. among the many issues facing the Sudanese economy are these: There has been high growth but skewed distribution. Stabilization has been costly in social terms: expenditures were cut by more than 50 percent relative to gross domestic product (GDP), causing considerable reductions in social services and infrastructure development. Key services were decentralized, delegated to states and local communities, which had neither the revenues nor the administrative capacity for these tasks. High poverty rates persist. Social inequalities threaten to undermine macroeconomic stability. Moreover, the civil war was costly in terms of human suffering. Millions are internally displaced, there are almost a million refugees in camps in neighboring countries, the death toll is estimated at 2 million, and warring armies continue to claim substantial resources. However, peace negotiations look encouraging. For peace to be sustained, it must be accompanied by economic and governance reforms, and a formula for equitable sharing of resources and power must be found for resolving the major root causes of decades of civil war. Reconstruction and development needs are enormous and will require external financing. Even after debt rescheduling, additional resources will be needed and the Sudan will urgently be expected to put measures in place to improve public resources management. As for the major sectors, infrastructure needs major rehabilitation and development, agricultural reforms need to be pursued, improved social services are a high priority, and war-affected areas face special difficulties like food insecurity. The needs of women require special attention, particularly in those parts of the country where women suffer severely from the violence and lawlessness that emerged as a result of the prolonged civil war. Many are widows and many have suffered also from rape, insecurity, and other traumas. the average ratio iof adult women to adult men is two to one in war-affected areas in southern Sudan, and only one out of ten women is literate,

Comments

(Leave your comments here about this item.)

Item Analytics

Select desired time period