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A Macroeconomic Framework for Quantifying Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategies in Niger

ACCELERATOR ACCELERATOR EFFECT ACCOUNTING ADVERSE EFFECTS AGGREGATE DEMAND AGRICULTURE BALANCE OF PAYMENTS BANKING SECTOR BANKING SYSTEM BASIC EDUCATION BORROWING BUDGETARY ASSISTANCE CAPITAL FORMATION CENTRAL BANK CIVIL SERVICE COMPETITIVENESS CORPORATE INCOME TAXES CURRENCY CURRENT ACCOUNT CURRENT PRICES DEBT DEBT RELIEF DEBT SERVICE DEFICIT FINANCING DEPOSITS DEVALUATION DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DIRECT INVESTMENT DISPOSABLE INCOME DOMESTIC BORROWING ECONOMIC BOOM ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC RECOVERY ECONOMIC STRUCTURE ELASTICITIES ELASTICITY ELASTICITY OF SUBSTITUTION ELECTRICITY EQUATIONS EQUILIBRIUM EXCHANGE RATE EXOGENOUS VARIABLES EXPLOITATION EXPORTS FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION FISCAL POLICIES FOREIGN ASSETS GDP GINI COEFFICIENT GNP GNP PER CAPITA GOVERNMENT SPENDING GROWTH RATE HEALTH SERVICES HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IMPORTS INCOME INFLATION INTEREST PAYMENTS INTEREST RATE INVESTMENT POLICY INVESTMENT SPENDING LINKAGES LIVING CONDITIONS LIVING STANDARDS MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MARGINAL PRODUCTIVITY MARKET PRICES MINES MONETARY POLICIES MORAL HAZARD POPULATION GROWTH POVERTY LINE PRESENT VALUE PRIVATE CONSUMPTION PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRODUCTION FUNCTION PUBLIC DEBT PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC ENTERPRISES PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC FINANCE MANAGEMENT PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC INVESTMENT IN INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SERVICES PUBLIC SPENDING REAL GDP REVENUE MOBILIZATION REVENUE PERFORMANCE ROADS SAVINGS SIDE EFFECTS STOCKS STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT TAX TAX COLLECTION TAX REVENUE TAXATION TELECOMMUNICATIONS TRADE UNIONS UNEMPLOYMENT URBANIZATION VALUE OF OUTPUT WAGES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Niger
2012-06-22T20:04:48Z | 2012-06-22T20:04:48Z | 2005-02

The authors apply the dynamic macroeconomic framework developed by Agénor, Bayraktar, and El Aynaoui (2004) to Niger. As in the original model, linkages between foreign aid, public investment (disaggregated into education, infrastructure, and health), and growth are explicitly captured. Although the nominal exchange rate is fixed, the relative price of domestic goods is endogenous, thereby allowing for potential Dutch disease effects associated with increases in aid. The authors assess the impact of policy shocks on poverty by using partial growth elasticities. They perform various policy experiments, including an increase in the level of foreign aid, a reallocation of public investment toward infrastructure, and neutral and non-neutral cuts in tariffs. The simulations show the dynamic tradeoffs that these policies entail with respect to growth and poverty reduction in Niger.

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