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Economic & Sector Work :: Poverty Assessment

Burkina Faso : Reducing Poverty Through Sustained Equitable Growth, Poverty Assessment

AGED AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY ALTERNATIVE GROWTH PATHS ANTENATAL CARE AVAILABLE DATA BASIC EDUCATION CAPITA INCOMES CHILD LABOR CLIMATIC CONDITIONS COMMUNITY LEVEL CONCESSIONAL LENDING CONSUMPTION DATA CONSUMPTION MEASURE DATA COLLECTION DATA ISSUES DATA QUALITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS DIRECT IMPACT DIVERSIFICATION ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT ECONOMIC POLICIES ECONOMIC STRUCTURE EDUCATION EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EMPIRICAL RESULTS EMPLOYMENT EXPENDITURE QUINTILES EXTERNAL SHOCKS FAMILIES FINANCIAL POLICIES FINANCIAL SUPPORT FINANCING MECHANISMS FOOD POVERTY LINE FOOD SECURITY GINI INDEX GIRLS GROWTH IMPACT GROWTH INCIDENCE GROWTH PATH GROWTH PATTERN GROWTH PRO-POOR GROWTH PROCESS GROWTH RATE GROWTH RATES GROWTH-INCIDENCE CURVES HEADCOUNT MEASURE HEALTH HEALTH CARE HEALTH CENTER HEALTH CENTERS HEALTH EXPENDITURES HEALTH INDICATORS HEALTH INSURANCE HEALTH SERVICES HOSPITALS HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD DATA HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSEHOLD WELFARE INCOME COUNTRIES INCOME GROUPS INCOME HOUSEHOLDS INEQUALITY CHANGES INEQUALITY DYNAMICS INEQUALITY ELASTICITY INFANT MORTALITY INFORMAL ACTIVITIES INFORMAL SECTOR LABOR MARKET LAND USE LANDLOCKED COUNTRY LITERACY RATES LONG TERM LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES MACROECONOMIC FRAMEWORK MACROECONOMIC SHOCKS MALARIA MALNUTRITION MEASURING CHANGES MEASURING POVERTY MORBIDITY MORTALITY NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL POVERTY NATIONAL POVERTY LINE NUTRITION OLDER PEOPLE PARENTS PER CAPITA EXPENDITURE PER CAPITA INCOME POINT DECLINE POLICY CHOICES POLICY INITIATIVES POOR HOUSEHOLDS POPULATION GROUP POPULATION GROWTH POVERTY ANALYSIS POVERTY ASSESSMENT POVERTY CHANGES POVERTY DECLINE POVERTY DYNAMICS POVERTY FOCUS POVERTY GAP POVERTY HEADCOUNT POVERTY IMPACT POVERTY LINES POVERTY MEASURE POVERTY MEASUREMENT POVERTY RATE POVERTY RATES POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POVERTY TRENDS PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIORITY SURVEY PRIVATE CONSUMPTION PRIVATE SCHOOLS PRO-POOR GROWTH PRO-POOR GROWTH INDEX PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW PUBLIC EXPENDITURES PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SPENDING REDUCING INEQUALITY REDUCING POVERTY RISK MANAGEMENT RURAL AREAS RURAL HOUSEHOLDS RURAL POPULATION SCHOOLS SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH SECTOR ACTIVITY SIGNIFICANT FACTOR SIGNIFICANT IMPACT SOCIAL ASSISTANCE SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL SECURITY SOCIAL SERVICES SUBSISTENCE FARMERS TAX COLLECTION TAXATION UNEMPLOYMENT URBAN AREAS URBAN HOUSEHOLDS URBAN POPULATION URBAN POVERTY URBANIZATION VACCINATION WAGES WALKING WORKERS
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Washington, DC
Africa | West Africa | Sahel | Sub-Saharan Africa | Burkina Faso
2012-06-21T13:59:11Z | 2012-06-21T13:59:11Z | 2005-06

Linking growth and poverty is a crucial element for evaluating the effectiveness of government policies under the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) process. Burkina Faso has benefited from more than 3 percent growth in per-capita incomes since the devaluation in 1994, while the steady increase in incomes, albeit from a very low level, should over time have lifted some Burkinabe above the poverty line, and led to a reduction in poverty rates. Growth during 1998-2003 was driven by a large expansion of the primary sector, following the 1997-98 drought. This study uses household data from 1998 and 2003 data to a) consider the measurement of poverty over time; b) study the links between growth and poverty in 1998-2003, and under possible future growth paths; c) examine the relationship between poverty and social services; and, d) illustrate equity considerations in the execution of fiscal policy choices. Using a comparable poverty measure, it was found that poverty headcount declined by about 8 percentage points between 1998 and 2003. The poverty decline was stronger in rural, than in urban areas, and, inequality remained largely unchanged on the national level between 1998 and 2003. The conclusion that poverty declined between 1998 and 2003, is robust to changes in the poverty line. Using a household income measure, rather than consumption also allows drawing the conclusion that poverty declined during 1994-98. As regards correlates of poverty, results are similar for the 2003 survey as those found in previous studies. Larger household size, lower education levels, occupation in agriculture, and remoteness tend to be correlated with lower per-capita consumption levels. The decline in national poverty rates between 1998 and 2003 is largely a result of the growth in agricultural output, both in subsistence farming and cotton farming. The report suggests building on the PRSP strategic vision for broad-based growth, to improve the effectiveness, and focus of government actions that could drive subsistence farmers into market-based, and export activities, and broaden the poverty-reducing impact of cotton production. Furthermore, a review of the poverty and inequality impact of growth-supporting policies for rural and urban sectors into the PRSP, and policy design would recognize how government actions may support an equitable economic growth. In addition, the study on exogenous shocks could be deepened, to explicitly identify risks for the poverty reduction strategy, and identify possible government policy responses.

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