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Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

Adult Mortality and Consumption Growth in the Age of HIV/AIDS

ABSOLUTE VALUE ADULT MORTALITY AIDS EPIDEMIC CAPITAL ACCUMULATION CHILDBEARING COMMUNITIES CONSUMPTION CONSUMPTION AGGREGATE CONSUMPTION DISTRIBUTION CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES CONSUMPTION GROWTH CONSUMPTION MODULES CRIME DATA SET DEATHS OF CHILDREN DEMOGRAPHIC IMPACT DEPENDENT VARIABLE DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT ISSUES DISEASES DISTRICTS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INDICATORS ECONOMIC REVIEW ECONOMIC STATUS ELDERLY EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE EMPIRICAL QUESTION ENDOGENOUS VARIABLE ESCAPE POVERTY EXPENDITURE EXPLANATORY POWER EXPLANATORY VARIABLE EXTENDED FAMILY FAMILY MEMBERS FEMALES FERTILITY FINANCIAL CRISES FUTURE CONSUMPTION GENDER HEALTH CARE HETEROSEXUAL CONTACT HIGH GROWTH HIGH-INCOME COUNTRIES HIV HIV INFECTION HOUSEHOLD BUDGET HOUSEHOLD BUDGET SURVEY HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD INCOMES HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HUMAN CAPITAL ILLNESS ILLNESSES IMPACT OF AIDS IMPLICATIONS FOR POVERTY REDUCTION INCOME GROUPS INCOME GROWTH INCOME LEVELS INCOME SHOCKS INCREASED RATES INDIVIDUAL LEVEL LABOR MARKETS LEVEL OF CONSUMPTION LEVELS OF CONSUMPTION LIQUIDITY CONSTRAINTS LIVING CONDITIONS LIVING STANDARDS LIVING STANDARDS MEASUREMENT LONGITUDINAL DATA LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES MACROECONOMIC EFFECTS MACROECONOMICS MEASUREMENT ERROR MIGRANTS MIGRATION MORTALITY OF MEN MORTALITY RATES NATIONAL INCOME NATIONAL LEVELS NEGATIVE EFFECT NON-FOOD ITEMS NUMBER OF CHILDREN NUTRITION ORPHANS PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA INCOME POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POOR HOUSEHOLDS POORER POPULATIONS POPULATION ASSOCIATION POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES PROGRESS REGIONAL HOSPITAL REGRESSION RESULTS REGRESSION SAMPLE REMITTANCES RURAL HOUSEHOLDS SEX SEXUAL BEHAVIORS SIGNIFICANT EFFECT SIGNIFICANT IMPACT SIGNIFICANT NEGATIVE SMALLHOLDERS SPOUSES STATE UNIVERSITY URBAN AREAS VILLAGES VULNERABILITY
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Tanzania
2012-06-22T19:20:00Z | 2012-06-22T19:20:00Z | 2006-12

The authors use a 13-year panel of individuals in Tanzania to assess how adult mortality shocks affect both short and long-run consumption growth of surviving household members. Using unique data which tracks individuals from 1991 to 2004, they examine consumption growth, controlling for a set of initial community, household and individual characteristics. The effect is identified using the sample of households in 2004 which grew out of baseline households. The authors find robust evidence that an affected household will see consumption drop 7 percent within the first five years after the adult death. With high growth in the sample over this time period, this creates a 19 percentage point growth gap with the average household. There is some evidence of persistent effects of these shocks for up to 13 years, but these effects are imprecisely estimated and not significantly different from zero. The impact of female adult death is found to be particularly severe.

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