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Climate Variability and Water Resource Degradation in Kenya : Improving Water Resources Development and Management

ABSTRACTION POINTS ADEQUATE WATER ADEQUATE WATER RESOURCES ADMINISTRATIVE CAPACITY AGGREGATE DEMAND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AQUIFERS AVAILABILITY OF WATER AVAILABLE AVAILABLE WATER AVAILABLE WATER RESOURCES BASIN DEVELOPMENT BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY BOREHOLES CALVING CATCHMENT AREA CATCHMENT AREAS CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT CLIMATE CHANGES CLIMATE VARIABILITY COASTAL BEACHES CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY CONSTRUCTION CROP PRODUCTION CUBIC METERS DISCHARGE DISPOSAL OF WASTEWATER DISTRIBUTION OF RAINFALL DOMESTIC WATER DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLY DROUGHT ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC VALUE ELECTRICITY GENERATION ENERGY CONSUMPTION ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL GOODS ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT EROSION FISH FISHERIES FLOOD DAMAGE FOOD SECURITY FORESTRY FRESHWATER RESOURCES FRESHWATER SUPPLY GNP GRAZING GROUNDWATER GROUNDWATER DEVELOPMENT GROUNDWATER RESOURCES GROUNDWATER TABLE HIGH WATER HOUSEHOLDS INCOME INDUSTRIAL GROWTH INDUSTRIAL WATER INVESTMENT PLANNING INVESTMENT PROGRAM LAKES LAND USE LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT OF WATER NATIONAL WATER POLICY NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NATURAL RESOURCE BASE NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATURAL RESOURCES NUTRIENTS OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY PERMITS PIPELINE POLLUTION POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATE POVERTY LINE PROGRAMS PUMPING QUALITY WATER RAINFALL VARIABILITY REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT RIPARIAN RIPARIAN OWNERS RIVER BASIN RIVER BASINS RIVER WATER RIVERS SAFE WATER SAFE YIELD SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION SYSTEMS SANITATION WATER SEAWATER SEDIMENTS SEMI-ARID LANDS SEWAGE TREATMENT SOIL CONSERVATION STORAGE CAPACITY SURFACE WATER SURFACE WATER RESOURCES SUSTAINABLE WATER SUSTAINABLE WATER SUPPLY TREATIES URBAN AREAS URBAN WATER WATER WATER ABSTRACTION WATER ALLOCATION WATER CONSERVATION WATER DEMAND WATER DEVELOPMENT WATER LEVEL WATER MANAGEMENT WATER MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES WATER NEEDS WATER PARTNERSHIP WATER POLICY WATER QUALITY WATER REPLENISHMENT WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCE INFRASTRUCTURE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WATER RESOURCES WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT WATER SCARCITY WATER SECTOR WATER STORAGE WATER SUPPLIES WATER SUPPLY WATER SYSTEMS WATER TABLE WATER TESTING WATER TREATMENT WATER USAGE WATER USE WATER USER WATER USERS WELLS WILDLIFE SERVICE
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Washington, DC: World Bank
Africa | East Africa | Kenya
2012-06-07T16:31:41Z | 2012-06-07T16:31:41Z | 2006

This report attempts to fill that gap for two of the most important water-related issues facing the effects of climate variability and the steady degradation of the nation's water resources. The study reported here concluded that the El Niño-La Niña episode from 1997-2000 cost the country Ksh 290 billion (about 14 percent of GDP during that period). During El Niño-induced floods, this cost primarily arises from destruction of infrastructure such as roads, water supply infrastructure, and pipe networks. The largest costs incurred during the La Niña droughts (1998-2000) were from loss of industrial production and other costs arising from reduced hydropower generation, as well as from crop and livestock losses. These costs are felt throughout Kenyan society.

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