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HIV/AIDS and Social Capital in a Cross-Section of Countries

AGGREGATE MEASURE AIDS CARE BLOOD DONATION CARE FOR ORPHANS CHILD LABOR CIVIL WAR COMMUNITIES COUNTRY REGRESSIONS CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS CROSS-COUNTRY DATA DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION DEPENDENT VARIABLE DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT POLICY DISCRIMINATION ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC EFFECTS ECONOMIC FACTORS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INDICATORS ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE ECONOMIC REVIEW ECONOMIC THEORY EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT ELASTICITY EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS EMPIRICAL ESTIMATES EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE EMPIRICAL SCRUTINY EMPIRICAL SUPPORT EPIDEMIC ETHNIC HETEROGENEITY EXPLANATORY VARIABLES FAMILY INCOME FERTILITY FERTILITY RATE FERTILITY RATES FERTILITY TRANSITION FINANCIAL DEPTH FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL MARKETS FISCAL POLICY GDP GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL GINI COEFFICIENT HIV HIV INFECTION HIV POSITIVE HIV PREVENTION HIV TRANSMISSION HUMAN CAPITAL INCOME INEQUALITY INDUSTRIAL ECONOMIES LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LINEAR RELATIONSHIP MACROECONOMICS MALE CIRCUMCISION MEASUREMENT ERROR MONETARY ECONOMICS MORAL HAZARD MORTALITY NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL LEVELS NEGATIVE COEFFICIENT NEGATIVE IMPACT NEGATIVE SIGN 0 HYPOTHESIS OPPORTUNITY COST ORPHAN ORPHAN CRISIS ORPHANS PANDEMIC POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POLICY REVIEW POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL SCIENCE POVERTY ALLEVIATION PREVALENCE RATES PROGRESS PUBLIC ECONOMICS PUBLIC POLICY RULE OF LAW SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS SOCIAL CAPITAL SOCIAL COHESION SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL NETWORKS SOCIAL NORMS SOCIAL SCIENCES SOCIETAL NORMS TRUSTS UNAIDS URBAN AREAS VULNERABILITY WAGES WEALTH
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa
2012-06-07T19:21:40Z | 2012-06-07T19:21:40Z | 2007-06

This paper attempts to quantify the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on social capital with cross-country data. It estimates reduced-form regressions of the main determinants of social capital controlling for HIV prevalence, institutional quality, social distance, and economic indicators using data from the World Values Survey. The results obtained indicate that HIV prevalence affects social capital negatively. The empirical estimates suggest that a one standard deviation increase in HIV prevalence will lead to a 1 percent decline in trust, controlling for other determinants of social capital. If one moves from a country with a relatively low level of HIV prevalence such as Estonia, to a country with a high level such as Zimbabwe, one would observe an approximate 8 percent decline in social capital. These results are robust in a number of dimensions and highlight the empirical importance of an additional mechanism through which HIV/AIDS hinders the development process.

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