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Towards the Mainstreaming of an Approach to Include Social Benefits Within Road Appraisal : A Case Study from Uganda

ACCESS ROADS ACCESS TO INFORMATION ACCESSIBILITY ACCIDENT RATES AGRICULTURE AIR AIR POLLUTION ANIMAL TRANSPORT AVAILABILITY OF TRANSPORT BICYCLES CARTS CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS COMMUNITY ACCESS CONGESTION CONVENTIONAL TRANSPORT PLANNING COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS COST SAVINGS COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS DECISION MAKING DISABILITIES DISTRICT OFFICIALS DISTRICT ROADS DONOR AGENCIES DRAINAGE ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC BENEFITS ECONOMIC CRITERIA ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC MODELS ENERGY EFFICIENCY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES FARMS FEEDER ROADS FIELD TESTING FORESTRY FREIGHT FREIGHT MOVEMENT GDP GRAVEL ROADS GROWTH RATE HIGHWAY INCOME INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT LATIN AMERICAN LESSONS LEARNED LIVING STANDARDS LOCAL COMMUNITIES LONG-DISTANCE LOW VEHICLE OWNERSHIP LOW VOLUME RURAL ROAD MOBILITY MODE OF TRANSPORT MODES OF TRANSPORT MOUNTAINOUS TERRAIN NATURAL RESOURCES PA PASSENGERS PATHS POLLUTION POOR ROAD POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY LINE PRESENT VALUE PROJECT APPRAISAL RANKING TECHNIQUES RECONSTRUCTION RESETTLEMENT ROAD ROAD ACCESS ROAD ACCIDENTS ROAD CONGESTION ROAD CONSTRUCTION ROAD DEVELOPMENT ROAD IMPROVEMENT ROAD IMPROVEMENTS ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ROAD INVESTMENT ROAD LENGTHS ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD PROJECTS ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROAD TRANSPORT ROAD USER ROAD USERS ROAD WORKS ROADS ROUGHNESS ROUTE RURAL ACCESSIBILITY RURAL AREAS RURAL COMMUNITIES RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL ROAD IMPROVEMENTS RURAL ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL ROAD INVESTMENTS RURAL ROAD NETWORK RURAL ROADS RURAL TRANSPORT SAFETY SOCIAL COSTS SOCIAL INTERACTIONS SOCIAL SERVICES SPOT IMPROVEMENT STREAMS TRAFFIC TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS TRAFFIC VOLUME TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRANSPORT TRANSPORT APPRAISAL TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT IMPROVEMENT TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MODES TRANSPORT PLANNING TRANSPORT RESEARCH TRANSPORT RESEARCH LABORATORY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRUE TYPES OF ROAD URBAN ROADS URBAN TRANSPORT VALUATION VEHICLE VEHICLE ACCESS VEHICLE EMISSIONS VEHICLE SPEEDS VEHICLES VOLUME OF TRAFFIC WALKING
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Uganda
2014-03-28T17:17:44Z | 2014-03-28T17:17:44Z | 2008-04

Developing countries dedicate a considerable share of total infrastructure investment to roads. The adoption in 2000 of the Millennium Development Goals and an increasing emphasis on justifying road investments in terms of their contribution to poverty reduction have directed considerable attention to low volume rural roads. Often the poorest of the poor live in remote rural areas and improved access to social and economic services is a key factor in raising their living standards. The traditional road appraisal frameworks do not fit well with this trend as they generally ignore the impact of social benefit and poverty reduction. Past attempts to overcome these problems have lacked consistency. Therefore, there is a need to develop a consistent framework to address the poverty and social benefit aspects in a systematic manner. A study into the identification and treatment of social benefits in road transport project appraisal was conducted in 2003-04. The study highlighted the problems of identification, separation, measurement, forecasting and valuation of social benefits within a cost-benefit approach framework. It recommended a flexible approach using the principles of multi-criteria analysis (MCA) that is capable of combining qualitative and quantitative data into a single analytical framework. One of the study outputs was a computerized software tool that can be used alone or within the framework of globally accepted appraisal models. Although such tools appear to be robust in methodological terms, there are fundamental operational problems, including the choice of the benefits costs indicators and their weights. The current study undertook field testing of the proposed social benefits model and the software tool to recommend the choice of indicators with their corresponding weights based on results from the field. In addition, the study aimed to improve the capability of the Highway Development and Management Model (HDM-4) and social benefits software tools in addressing road investment related social issues.

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