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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study

Nigeria : Health, Nutrition, and Population, Country Status Report, Volume 2, Main Report

ACCESS TO EDUCATION AGED ANTENATAL CARE BIRTH ATTENDANTS BIRTH COHORT BIRTHS CARE SEEKING CATASTROPHIC HEALTH EXPENDITURE CHILD HEALTH CHILD MORTALITY CITIES CLEAN WATER CLINICS COMMUNICABLE DISEASES COMMUNITY HEALTH CONTRACEPTION CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD DELIVERY SYSTEM DOCTORS EDUCATION ESSENTIAL DRUGS ETHNIC GROUPS EXTERNAL DEBT GENDER GIRLS HEALTH HEALTH BUDGETS HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE EXPENDITURE HEALTH CARE FINANCING HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS HEALTH CARE PROVISION HEALTH CARE SERVICES HEALTH CLINICS HEALTH EQUIPMENT HEALTH EXPENDITURE HEALTH EXPENDITURES HEALTH EXTENSION HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH FACILITY HEALTH FINANCING HEALTH INTERVENTIONS HEALTH MANAGEMENT HEALTH OUTCOMES HEALTH PLANNING HEALTH SECTOR HEALTH SERVICE HEALTH SERVICES HEALTH SPENDING HEALTH STATUS HEALTH SYSTEM HOSPITALS HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE HOUSEHOLDS IMMUNIZATION IMMUNIZATION COVERAGE INCOME DISTRIBUTION INCOME GROUPS INFANT MORTALITY INFANT MORTALITY RATE INFANT MORTALITY RATES INFORMATION SYSTEM INPATIENT CARE INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS INTERVENTION LIVING STANDARDS MALARIA MATERNAL HEALTH MATERNAL MORTALITY MEDICAL CARE MEDICINE VENDORS MORBIDITY MORTALITY NEONATAL CARE NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL STATUS OBSTETRIC CARE PARASITIC DISEASES PATIENT PHARMACIES PRIMARY HEALTH CARE PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SPENDING PROBABILITY PUBLIC HOSPITALS PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SERVICES RELIGIOUS GROUPS REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RURAL AREAS SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES TRADITIONAL BIRTH ATTENDANTS URBAN AREAS URBAN POPULATION URBANIZATION VACCINATION VACCINATIONS VILLAGE HEALTH WORKERS VILLAGES WORKERS
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Washington, DC
Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Nigeria
2012-06-22T16:58:48Z | 2012-06-22T16:58:48Z | 2005-11

Nigeria's sheer size and complexity present large challenges to health policymakers. Not only is the population large, but it is also very diverse: there are nearly 300 ethnic groups in the country, more than 500 languages, and two major religious groups (Islam and Christianity). This complexity is mirrored by widely varying patterns of health outcomes and health services. Nigeria's federal system assigns different health system responsibilities to the three levels of government, each of which is largely autonomous in terms of management and financing despite national policies that provide a certain measure of standardization. Weak governance has been an obstacle to improving public services, including health care, although the democratic government is pursuing vigorous reforms. High dependency on oil revenue and poor economic management has resulted in volatility and uncertainty in the level of public resources. However, economic growth and better macroeconomic and fiscal policies have improved the situation in the past few years. Nonetheless, poverty -- one of the determinants of both health outcomes and health service use -- is widespread and inequalities -- that is, large urban-rural disparities and regional equalities -- loom large, translating into disparities in health outcomes and access to health services. It is within this context that this report analyzes the health situation of the poor in Nigeria and the performance of the health system in meeting the needs of the poor. The report has six chapters focusing on health outcomes, household behavior and community factors affecting health, health system and policy, the role of the private sector in health care provision, health care financing, and extra resources needed to achieve the health-related Millennium Development Goals.

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