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Economic & Sector Work :: Economic Updates and Modeling

Ethiopia : Enhancing Human Development Outcomes Through Decentralized Service Delivery

ACCESS TO DATA ACHIEVEMENT AVERAGE TEACHER SALARY BASIC EDUCATION BASIC SERVICES BUDGET FOR EDUCATION CAPACITY BUILDING CHILD HEALTH CITIZEN CITIZENS COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION COMMUNITY SCHOOL COSTS OF EDUCATION DECENTRALIZATION DEMAND FOR EDUCATION DIPHTHERIA DIPLOMAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES EDUCATION EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION EXPENDITURES EDUCATION OUTCOMES EDUCATION SECTOR EDUCATION SERVICES EDUCATION SPENDING EDUCATION SYSTEM EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES ENROLMENT RATES EXAMINATION PASS RATES EXTENSION WORKERS FOOD SECURITY GER GIRLS GOVERNMENT CAPACITY GOVERNMENT POLICIES GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROSS ENROLLMENT GROSS ENROLLMENT RATE GROSS ENROLLMENT RATES HEALTH HEALTH EDUCATION HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH OUTCOMES HEALTH SERVICES HEALTH SYSTEM HIGH PUPIL-TEACHER RATIOS HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ILLNESSES IMMUNIZATION IMMUNODEFICIENCY INFORMATION CAMPAIGNS INTERVENTIONS LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION LEARNING LOCAL GOVERNMENTS MATERNAL MORTALITY MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MORTALITY NURSING NUTRITION NUTRITION INFORMATION PARENT-TEACHER ASSOCIATION PARENT-TEACHER ASSOCIATIONS POLIO POOR HOUSEHOLDS POVERTY REDUCTION PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY EDUCATION OUTCOMES PRIMARY ENROLLMENT PRIMARY HEALTH SERVICES PRIMARY LEVEL PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOL COMPLETION PRIMARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENT PRIMARY SCHOOLS PROGRESS PUBLIC EDUCATION PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC INFORMATION PUBLIC SERVICES PUPIL-TEACHER RATIOS REGIONAL EDUCATION REPETITION REPETITION RATES REPORT CARDS RESOURCE ALLOCATION RESPECT RETURN TO EDUCATION RURAL AREAS SAFE DRINKING WATER SAFETY NETS SANITATION SCHOOL ACTIVITY SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SCHOOL CALENDAR SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION SCHOOL CURRICULA SCHOOL ENROLLMENT SCHOOL FEES SCHOOL INFRASTRUCTURE SCHOOL MANAGEMENT SCHOOL PARTICIPATION SCHOOL PERFORMANCE SECONDARY EDUCATION SECTORAL POLICIES SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE PROVIDERS SERVICE PROVISION SERVICE QUALITY SKILLED PERSONNEL SOCIAL EXPENDITURES SOCIAL SECTORS SOCIAL SERVICE SOCIAL SERVICES SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TEACHER TEACHER DEPLOYMENT TEACHER HIRING TEACHERS TEACHING TEACHING AIDS TERTIARY EDUCATION TETANUS TEXTBOOKS TRAINING INSTITUTES TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES UNTRAINED PERSONNEL URBAN AREAS URBAN SCHOOLS USE OF RESOURCES USER FEES VACCINES WORKERS
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Washington, DC
Africa | Ethiopia
2012-06-11T19:56:49Z | 2012-06-11T19:56:49Z | 2007-05

This report on enhancing human development outcomes through decentralized service delivery in Ethiopia seeks to identify changes in human development outcomes in a period of deepening decentralization and to suggest how the country's decentralized governance structure could be improved to increase access to, as well as the quality of, relevant services. A key message of the report is that the decentralized governance structure helped facilitate improvements in service delivery and human development outcomes, but also, that weaknesses in that structure can derail these gains. The report argues that while policymakers, providers, and citizens must work together to strengthen accountability mechanisms, there is a particular need to strengthen local government and enhance the role of service beneficiaries. The report focuses on key actors and their roles in accelerating progress toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals in Ethiopia. It complements rather than duplicates other recent studies. The report is organized as follows. The first chapter reports on trends in human development indicators and government social expenditures in Ethiopia over the past 15 years. Chapter 2 describes the phasing in of Ethiopia's decentralization plan and presents a framework of mechanisms of accountability for providing services. Chapter 3 examines the scope of decentralization in Ethiopia and the use of intergovernmental transfers. Chapter 4 presents some of the data collected for this report on changes in budget allocation behavior at the woreda level before and after decentralization and the effects on allocations for the social sectors. It also examines changes in key service delivery outcomes at the woreda level. Chapter 5 examines some of the constraints to improved service delivery and proposes ways of increasing resources at decentralized levels, of improving the capacity of local governments and service providers, and of involving citizens in service delivery in a more robust and effective way.

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