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The Long-run Impact of Orphanhood

ACCOUNT ADOLESCENTS ADULT LIFE ADULT MORTALITY AFFECTED CHILDREN AGED AIDS EPIDEMIC BULLETIN CAUSES OF DEATH CHILD FOSTERING CHILD HEALTH CHILD LABOR CHILD MALNUTRITION CHILDBEARING CHILDREN AT RISK CULTURAL CHANGE DEMOGRAPHIC IMPACT DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DIET DISCRIMINATION DISEASES DOUBLE ORPHAN DOUBLE ORPHANS EARLY CHILDHOOD ECONOMIC STATUS EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT ENROLLMENT ENROLLMENT RATES EPIDEMIC EPIDEMIOLOGY EXTENDED FAMILIES EXTENDED FAMILY GIRLS HEALTH EFFECTS HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH OUTCOMES HEALTH SERVICES HETEROSEXUAL CONTACT HIV HOSPITAL HOUSEHOLD NUMBER HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ILLNESSES IMPACT OF AIDS IMPACT ON CHILDREN IMPACT ON HEALTH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY INTERVENTIONS INVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION JOURNAL OF MEDICINE LABOR FORCE LIVING STANDARDS MALNOURISHED CHILDREN MATERNAL DEATH MATERNAL DEATHS MATERNAL ORPHANS MEASLES MEDICAL CARE MORTALITY MORTALITY OF MEN MOTHER NUMBER OF CHILDREN NUMBER OF ORPHANS NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL STATUS NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF ORPHANS OBESITY ORPHAN ORPHAN CARE ORPHAN CRISIS ORPHANHOOD ORPHANS PANDEMIC PARENTAL DEATH PARENTAL EDUCATION PARENTAL ILLNESS PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT PATERNAL ORPHANS PEDIATRICS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POOR HEALTH POOR HOUSEHOLDS PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOL ATTENDANCE PROGRESS PSYCHOLOGY PUBERTY RETURNS TO EDUCATION SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SCHOOL YEAR SCHOOL YEARS SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN SCHOOLING SCHOOLS SEX SOCIAL RESEARCH SOCIAL SCIENCE SOCIOECONOMIC DIFFERENCES SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TEEN TRAUMA UNIVERSAL AVAILABILITY VACCINATION WAGES WORKERS YOUNG ADULTS YOUNG AGE YOUNG AGES YOUNGER CHILDREN
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Tanzania
2012-06-06T21:31:03Z | 2012-06-06T21:31:03Z | 2007-09

This paper presents unique evidence that orphanhood matters in the long run for health and education outcomes, in a region of Northwestern Tanzania. The paper studies a sample of 718 non-orphaned children surveyed in 1991-94, who were traced and re-interviewed as adults in 2004. A large proportion, 19 percent, lost one or more parents before the age of 15 in this period, allowing the authors to assess the permanent health and education impacts of orphanhood. The analysis controls for a wide range of child and adult characteristics before orphanhood, as well as community fixed effects. The findings show that maternal orphanhood has a permanent adverse impact of 2 cm of final height attainment and one year of educational attainment. Expressing welfare in terms of consumption expenditure, the result is a gap of 8.5 percent compared with similar children whose mother survived till at least their 15th birthday.

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