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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

Islamic Republic of Iran : Power Sector Note

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY AVAILABILITY BALANCE BOILER CALCULATION CAPACITY PAYMENTS CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL INVESTMENTS CASH FLOW CEMENT COMMERCIAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRICITY COST OF ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION COST OF SERVICE COST RECOVERY CYCLE GAS CYCLE POWER CYCLE POWER PLANTS DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY DIESEL DISCOUNT RATE DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DISTRIBUTION NETWORK ECONOMIC GROWTH EFFICIENT ENERGY ELASTICITY OF DEMAND ELECTRIC POWER ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY COMPANY ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ELECTRICITY DEMAND ELECTRICITY GENERATION ELECTRICITY MARKET ELECTRICITY PRICE ELECTRICITY PRICES ELECTRICITY SECTOR ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ELECTRICITY TARIFFS EMISSIONS END-USE END-USERS ENERGY AUDITS ENERGY CONSUMPTION ENERGY CONVERSION ENERGY DEMAND ENERGY EFFICIENCY ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES ENERGY INTENSITY ENERGY INTENSIVE ENERGY USAGE FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS FOREIGN INVESTMENT FUEL FUEL EFFICIENCY FUEL OIL FUEL PRICE FUEL PRICES FUEL SUPPLY FUEL SWITCHING FUELS GAS CONSUMPTION GAS SHORTAGES GAS SUPPLY GAS TURBINE GAS TURBINE TECHNOLOGY GAS TURBINES GENERATING UNITS GENERATION GENERATION ASSETS GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION COSTS GOVERNMENT POLICY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH IN DEMAND HEAT HEAT RATE HOLDING COMPANY HYDRO-POWER HYDROPOWER INCOME INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS LNG LOAD DEMAND LOAD FACTOR MARGINAL COST OF ELECTRICITY MARKET RULES MARKET SHARES MIDDLE EAST NATIONAL GRID NATURAL GAS NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION NATURAL GAS INFRASTRUCTURE NATURAL GAS PRICE NATURAL GAS PRICES NATURAL GAS SUPPLY NEW PLANTS NORTH AFRICA PEAK DEMAND PEAK LOAD PILOT PROJECTS POWER POWER CONSUMPTION POWER GENERATION POWER PRODUCTION POWER SECTOR POWER SUPPLY POWER SYSTEM PRICE COMPETITION PRICE INCREASES PRICE REDUCTIONS PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION PUBLIC SECTOR REGIONAL ELECTRICITY RENEWABLE ENERGY RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT RENEWABLE ENERGY POTENTIAL RENEWABLE RESOURCES RENEWABLE SOURCES RETAIL ELECTRICITY RETAIL PRICES RETAIL TARIFFS SINGLE BUYER MODEL SMALL POWER PRODUCERS STEAM CYCLE STEAM PLANT STEAM TURBINE TARIFF REFORM TELEVISION BROADCASTING THERMAL POWER THERMAL POWER GENERATION THERMAL POWER PLANTS TRANSMISSION ASSETS TRANSMISSION INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSMISSION LOSSES VOLTAGE WIND WIND CAPACITY WORLD ENERGY
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Iran, Islamic Republic of
2014-08-25T17:37:22Z | 2014-08-25T17:37:22Z | 2007-01-09

Over the past decade, the Iranian electricity sector's ability to supply reliable service has come under increasing pressure. This is evidenced by more frequent gas supply constraints to generation plants, high levels of debt and increasing losses in the network. The key roots of the problems in the sector are the under-pricing of natural gas which fuels the majority of the power generation, and the low retail electricity tariffs which lead to high per capita consumption of electricity and thus large investment requirements in new generation capacity to keep up with the demand. The Government of Iran is aware of the challenges and is pursuing a number of reforms to improve the performance of the sector, including private sector participation in the generation of electricity and implementation of a power pool with a view of developing a competitive market. While these reforms will eventually contribute towards a more sustainable sector, their implementation and success will require tackling the under-pricing of natural gas and electricity. Without tackling these issues, the impact of reform efforts will remain limited and to some extent academic, and run the risk of increasing the Government's fiscal exposure as under-writer of the policies and transactions in the sector. This Note reviews some key challenges in the sector and highlights their strategic implications. The Note also provides some suggested next steps in the form of a "road-map" to address these issues.

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