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Scaling up Local and Community Driven Development : A Real World Guide to Its Theory and Practice

ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEMS ACCOUNTING ACTION PLAN AGRICULTURE ALLOCATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES ASSISTANCE STRATEGY AUDITS AUTONOMY BROAD RANGE OF ACTIVITIES BROAD RANGE OF STAKEHOLDERS CAP CAPACITY BUILDING CAPITALS CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS CITIZENS CIVIL SOCIETY CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS CLINICS COMMUNITY ACTION COMMUNITY ASSOCIATIONS COMMUNITY CAPACITY COMMUNITY CONSULTATION COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT WORKERS COMMUNITY DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT COMMUNITY GROUPS COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT COMMUNITY LEADERS COMMUNITY LEVEL COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT COMMUNITY MEMBERS COMMUNITY OWNERSHIP COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION COMMUNITY PROJECTS COMMUNITY ROLES COMMUNITY STRUCTURE COMMUNITY SUBPROJECTS COMMUNITY SUPPORT COMMUNITY WATER SUPPLY COMMUNITY-DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT CONSOLIDATION CONTRIBUTIONS DEBT DECONCENTRATION DESCRIPTION DEVELOPMENT AGENDAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROCESS DEVOLUTION DIRECT FINANCING DISTRICT OFFICIALS DISTRICTS ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT EMPLOYMENT EMPOWERMENT FACILITATORS FIELD TESTING FINANCES FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL REFORM FISCAL CONDITIONS GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS HEALTH EXPENDITURES HEALTH SERVICES HOUSING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN DEVELOPMENT NETWORK INFLATION INHABITANTS INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT IRRIGATION ASSOCIATIONS LABOR MARKET LAND USE LESSONS LEARNED LOCAL COMMUNITIES LOCAL DEVELOPMENT LOCAL GOVERNANCE LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS LOCAL GOVERNMENT STRUCTURES LOCAL GOVERNMENTS LOCAL INSTITUTIONS LOCAL LANGUAGES LOCAL PEOPLE LOCALITIES MARGINALIZED GROUPS MICROFINANCE MINISTRIES OF FINANCE MUNICIPALITIES NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS NATIONAL POLICY NEIGHBORHOODS NGO NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS NUTRITION ORGANIZATIONAL STRENGTH OUTREACH PANCHAYATS PARTICIPATION OF COMMUNITIES PARTICIPATORY APPROACHES PARTICIPATORY ASSESSMENT PARTICIPATORY PROCESSES PILOT PROJECTS POLICY DIALOGUE POLITICAL DECENTRALIZATION POLITICAL OPPOSITION POLITICAL SUPPORT POVERTY REDUCTION PRIVATE SECTOR PROCUREMENT PROCUREMENT PROCEDURES PROJECT EVALUATION PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PUBLIC SERVICE PROVISION REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT RESOURCE ALLOCATION ROADS RURAL AREAS RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL PEOPLE SAFETY SAVINGS SLUMS SOCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY SOCIAL ACTION SOCIAL CAPITAL SOCIAL COHESION SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURS SOCIAL FUNDS SOCIAL INCLUSION SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL SAFETY NETS STAKEHOLDER PARTICIPATION SUSTAINABILITY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TARGETED PROGRAMS TRAINING COURSES TRUST FUNDS URBAN AREAS URBAN SERVICES VILLAGE LEVEL VILLAGES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2017-09-08T19:48:31Z | 2017-09-08T19:48:31Z | 2009-02

Local and Community Driven Development (LCDD) is an approach that gives control of development decisions and resources to community groups and representative local governments. Poor communities receive funds, decide on their use, plan and execute the chosen local projects, and monitor the provision of services that result from it. It improves not just incomes but people's empowerment and governance capacity, the lack of which is a form of poverty as well. LCDD operations have demonstrated effectiveness at delivering results and have received substantial support from the World Bank. Since the start of this decade, our lending for LCDD has averaged around US$2 billion per year. Through its support to local and community-driven programs, the Bank has financed services such as water supply and sanitation, health services, schools that are tailored to community needs and likely to be maintained and sustainable, nutrition programs for mothers and infants, the building of rural access roads, and support for livelihoods and micro enterprise. This eBook brings together the thoughts and experiences of many of the leading proponents and practitioners of LCDD, a phrase that evolved from Community-Driven Development, and most clearly describes the process of empowering communities and their local governments so they drive economic and social development upwards and outwards. This, too many, appears as a new paradigm, though it has actually evolved over the decades, since it emerged from India in the 1950s. While many LCDD projects have taken root, the key challenge now is how such islands of success, that is, the discrete LCDD projects, can be scaled up into sustainable national programs that build skills in decision-making, management, and governance.

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