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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

Arab Republic of Egypt Urban Sector Note : Volume 1. Urban Sector Update

AFFORDABLE HOUSING AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES AGRICULTURAL SETTLEMENTS AIR POLLUTION BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE BUILDING CODES CAPACITY BUILDING CHILDBEARING CHILDBEARING AGE CITIES CITIZEN CITIZENS CITY DEVELOPMENT CITY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY CLINICS COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES CORE HOUSING COUNTRYSIDE CROWDED HOUSING DECLINE IN FERTILITY DEMOGRAPHIC IMPACT DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION DEPENDENCY RATIOS DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES DEVELOPMENT PLANS DEVELOPMENT POLICIES DEVELOPMENT POLICY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES DISTRICTS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC TRENDS EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES EXPENDITURES FEMALE FEMALES FERTILITY FERTILITY LEVELS FERTILITY RATES FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FUTURE POPULATION GOVERNMENT AGENCIES GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH IN POPULATION HEALTH CENTERS HEALTH SERVICES HOSPITALS HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLDS HOUSING HOUSING AFFORDABILITY HOUSING MARKETS HOUSING POLICY HOUSING STANDARDS HOUSING SUBSIDIES HOUSING SUPPLY HOUSING UNITS HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN SETTLEMENT ILLITERACY INCIDENCE OF POVERTY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INDUSTRIALIZATION INFORMAL HOUSING INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS INHABITANTS INTERNAL MIGRATION INTERVENTIONS JOB CREATION JOB OPPORTUNITIES LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LAND DEVELOPMENT LAND MANAGEMENT LAND MANAGEMENT STRATEGY LAND REGISTRATION LAND SPECULATION LAND TENURE LAND USE LAND VALUE LAND VALUE INCREMENTS LARGE CITIES LARGE POPULATION LIFESTYLES LIMITED RESOURCES LIVE BIRTHS LOCAL AUTHORITIES LOCAL DEVELOPMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS LOW-INCOME MANDATES MIGRANTS MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MOTHER MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES NATIONAL COUNCIL NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL GOVERNMENT NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL LEVELS NATIONAL POLICY NATIONAL POPULATION NATURAL RESOURCES NEIGHBORHOOD NEIGHBORHOODS NEW TOWNS NUMBER OF MIGRANTS NUTRITION OVERCROWDING PHYSICAL PLANNING POLICY DECISIONS POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY MAKERS POOR FAMILIES POPULATION CENSUSES POPULATION COUNCIL POPULATION DISTRIBUTION POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION INCREASE POPULATION PROJECTIONS POPULATION SIZE POTABLE WATER PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMATE CITIES PRIMATE CITY PROVISION OF EDUCATION PUBLIC HOUSING PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC LAND PUBLIC OPINION PUBLIC SERVICES PURCHASING POWER PURCHASING POWER PARITY QUALITY OF SERVICES RATE OF GROWTH REAL ESTATE MARKETS REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT REGIONAL DISPARITIES REGIONAL HUB REGIONAL POLICY REGIONAL POPULATION REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS RESIDENTIAL AREAS RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY RESOURCE ALLOCATION RESPECT RURAL AREAS RURAL POPULATION RURAL POPULATIONS SECONDARY CITIES SELF-HELP SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE PROVISION SERVICED LAND SET OF RECOMMENDATIONS SETTLEMENT PATTERN SETTLEMENT PATTERNS SLUM SLUMS SMALL TOWNS SOCIAL AFFAIRS SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL SERVICES SOCIOECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION SPATIAL PLANNING SQUATTER SQUATTER SETTLEMENTS SUBDIVISIONS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TECHNICAL TRAINING TOWNS TRAFFIC TRAINING CENTERS TRANSPORTATION UNEMPLOYMENT UNIONS UNITED NATIONS POPULATION DIVISION URBAN URBAN AGGLOMERATIONS URBAN AREA URBAN AREAS URBAN BIAS URBAN CENTERS URBAN CHALLENGE URBAN COMMUNITIES URBAN CORE URBAN DEVELOPMENT URBAN DWELLERS URBAN ECONOMIES URBAN EXPANSION URBAN GROWTH URBAN HOUSING URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE URBAN ISSUES URBAN LAND URBAN MANAGEMENT URBAN MIGRATION URBAN PLANNING URBAN PLANS URBAN POLICIES URBAN POLICY URBAN POPULATION URBAN POPULATIONS URBAN POVERTY URBAN PROJECTS URBAN SECTOR URBAN SERVICES URBAN STRUCTURE URBANISM URBANIZATION VILLAGES VOCATIONAL TRAINING WEIGHT OF NUMBERS WORKING CLASS YOUTH YOUTH CENTERS
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Egypt, Arab Republic of
2014-08-19T21:51:42Z | 2014-08-19T21:51:42Z | 2008-06

The objective of this paper is to present a succinct and up-to-date review of the urban sector in Egypt, with a focus on issues for which there is new insight or emerging government interest. The two main themes of the report are the challenges facing the urban sector and the policy implications at various levels of government. Some of the reports mains findings are: urbanization in Egypt takes on forms and processes which are not well understood and as a consequence urban policies are sometimes weak or counter productive; until now policies and actions in the urban sector have mainly consisted of State driven, supply-side interventions; due to the focus on development in the desert, the dynamics of urbanism in the Nile Valley and Delta, which together contain over 95 percent of the country's population, have largely been ignored; and finally it is rare that government of Egypt's urban development projects include a strategy of capturing the appreciation value of their investments ("unearned increment"), cross-subsidization or cost recovery. The note concludes with a set of recommendations of ways to improve the government's response to the urban challenge.

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