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Economic & Sector Work :: Development Policy Review (DPR)

Determinants of the Adoption of Sustainable Land Management Practices and Their Impacts in the Ethiopian Highlands

AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AGRICULTURAL ECONOMISTS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AGRICULTURAL INTENSIFICATION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AGRICULTURAL STRATEGIES AGRICULTURE AGROFORESTRY AGRONOMY ALLUVIAL SOILS AQUIFERS AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY BARLEY BENEFIT ANALYSIS BIOMASS CARBON CEREALS CHEMICAL FERTILIZER CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS CHICKPEAS CLIMATE COFFEE COMPOST CROP CROP AREA CROP FAILURE CROP PRODUCTION CROP PRODUCTIVITY CROP PRODUCTS CROP RESIDUES CROP SCIENCE CROP YIELDS CROPLAND CROPS CULTIVATED LAND DEFORESTATION DISCOUNT RATES DRYLAND AGRICULTURE DUNG ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC IMPACT ECONOMIC VALUE ECONOMISTS EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES ENVIRONMENTS EXTENSION SERVICES FABA BEANS FALLOWING FAO FARM FARM ACTIVITIES FARM ECONOMY FARM HOUSEHOLDS FARM INCOME FARM MANAGEMENT FARM OPPORTUNITIES FARM PROFITABILITY FARM SIZE FARMER FARMERS FARMING FARMING PRACTICES FARMING SYSTEM FARMS FEED FERTILIZER FERTILIZER COST FERTILIZER USE FIELD CROPS FOOD INSECURITY FOOD POLICY FOOD POLICY RESEARCH FOOD SECURITY FORESTRY GENDER GRAIN GRAIN MARKET GRAZING GROUNDWATER HUSBANDRY IFPRI IMPACT ON YIELD INCOMES INNOVATION INPUT USE INTERCROPPING INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE LAND DEGRADATION LAND ECONOMICS LAND MANAGEMENT LAND PRODUCTIVITY LAND REFORM LEGUMES LENTILS LIVELIHOODS LIVESTOCK LIVESTOCK FARMING MAIZE MARGINAL COST MARKET EFFICIENCY MILLET NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATURAL RESOURCES NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NEW TECHNOLOGIES OATS OPPORTUNITY COSTS PARTICIPATORY WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT PEAS PERENNIAL CROPS PLANTING PLOWING POLICY INSTRUMENTS POLICY MAKERS POPULATION GROWTH PRESENT VALUE PRIVATE PROPERTY PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY PROPERTY RIGHTS RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ROOT CROPS RURAL DEVELOPMENT SEED SHARECROPPING SOIL CONSERVATION SOIL EROSION SOIL PRODUCTIVITY SOILS SORGHUM SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS SWEET POTATOES TARO TERRACING TILLAGE TRADEOFFS TRANSACTION COSTS TREE CROPS TREES VEGETATION WHEAT WILLINGNESS TO PAY YAMS YIELDS
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Washington, DC
Africa | Ethiopia
2012-06-13T19:08:38Z | 2012-06-13T19:08:38Z | 2007-04

An extensive review of literature on the determinants of adoption and impacts of land management technologies in the Ethiopian highlands was undertaken to guide policy makers and development agencies in crafting programs and policies that can better and more effectively address land degradation in Ethiopia. Several generalizations emerge from the review: 1) the profitability of land management technologies is a very important factor influencing technology adoption. In many cases it is a threshold consideration; 2) land tenure insecurity and limited transfer rights undermine land management investments; 3) the impacts of household endowments on technology adoption are mixed; and 4) the impacts of credit on input use are positive where input use is profitable and not too risky; in other cases credit is not a binding constraint, because farmers ration their use of credit to avoid risk. Further research on the adoption and impacts of land management practices is needed to build on this understanding of what works, and where. Based on this review, as well as the findings from two companion papers and stakeholder workshops, it appears that research in different biophysical and socioeconomic domains to assess the off-site as well as on-site costs and benefits of alternative land management approaches will be particularly useful in supporting efforts to scale up successful sustainable land management practices in Ethiopia.

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