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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

Niger : Food Security and Safety Nets

ACCESS TO FOOD ACUTE MALNUTRITION AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURAL TECHNIQUES AGRICULTURE AID DONORS ANIMAL HUSBANDRY ASSET SALES BASIC FOODSTUFFS BASIC NEEDS BREAD CALCIUM CALORIC CONSUMPTION CALORIC INTAKE CALORIC REQUIREMENTS CALORIES PER DAY CASH CROPS CASH TRANSFERS CASH-FOR-WORK CEREAL IMPORTS CEREAL PRICES CEREAL PRODUCTION CEREALS CHEESE CHILD MORTALITY CHILD MORTALITY RATES CHRONIC FOOD INSECURITY CHRONIC POVERTY CHRONICALLY POOR CONSUMER SPENDING COPING MECHANISMS COPING STRATEGY CULTIVATED AREAS DAIRY DIETARY DIVERSITY DIVERSIFICATION DOMESTIC PRICES DRINKING WATER DROUGHT DROUGHT YEARS EGGS EPIDEMICS EXTREME POVERTY FAMILY ALLOWANCES FAMINE FAMINES FARM PRODUCTS FARMER FARMERS FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS FOOD ACCESS FOOD AID FOOD AID FLOWS FOOD AVAILABILITY FOOD CONSUMPTION FOOD CONSUMPTION PATTERNS FOOD COUPONS FOOD CRISIS FOOD CROP FOOD CROP PRODUCTION FOOD CROPS FOOD DISTRIBUTION FOOD EXPENDITURE FOOD FOR ALL FOOD FOR WORK FOOD IMPORTS FOOD INSECURE HOUSEHOLDS FOOD INSECURITY FOOD MARKETS FOOD PRICES FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD PRODUCTS FOOD SALES FOOD SECURITY FOOD SECURITY INDICATORS FOOD SECURITY ISSUES FOOD SELF-SUFFICIENCY FOOD SHORTAGES FOOD STOCKS FOOD SUPPLIES FOOD SUPPLY FRUIT GRAIN MARKETS GRAIN PRICES GRAIN PRODUCTION GRAIN RESERVES GRAINS GROUNDNUT HAZARDS HOUSEHOLD ACCESS HOUSEHOLD BUDGET HOUSEHOLD FOOD HOUSEHOLD FOOD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD FOOD INSECURITY HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY HOUSEHOLD HEAD HOUSEHOLD HEADS HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD INCOMES HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSEHOLD VULNERABILITY HOUSING HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX HUNGRY HUNGRY SEASON IDIOSYNCRATIC SHOCKS ILLNESS INADEQUATE HEALTH INCIDENCE OF POVERTY INCOME INCOME QUINTILE INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES INFANT MORTALITY INFANT MORTALITY RATE INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE IRRIGATION LIFE EXPECTANCY LIVESTOCK OWNERSHIP LIVESTOCK SALES LIVESTOCK SECTOR MACROECONOMIC SHOCKS MAIZE MALNUTRITION MARKET ANALYSIS MARKET INFORMATION MARKET PERFORMANCE MARKET PRICE MARKETING SYSTEM MEAL MEAT MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES MILK MORTALITY RATES NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY NATIONAL POVERTY NATURAL DISASTER NATURAL DISASTERS NATURAL SHOCKS NUTRITION NUTRITION OUTCOMES NUTRITION SECURITY NUTRITIONAL DATA NUTRITIONAL OUTCOMES NUTRITIONAL STATUS NUTS PEANUTS PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION POOR POOR ACCESS TO HEALTH FACILITIES POOR HEALTH POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR PEOPLE POORER PEOPLE POVERTY INCIDENCE POVERTY LEVEL POVERTY LEVELS POVERTY LINE POVERTY MEASURES POVERTY RATES POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POVERTY STATUS PRICE SUBSIDIES PUBLIC WORKS PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS PULSES REGIONAL MARKETS RICE RICE PRODUCTION RURAL RURAL AREAS RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL HOUSEHOLD RURAL HOUSEHOLDS RURAL INCOMES RURAL POOR RURAL POPULATION RURAL POVERTY RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION RURAL REGIONS SAFETY NET SAFETY NET PROGRAMS SAFETY NET SYSTEM SAFETY NETS SANITATION SAVINGS SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SCHOOL FEEDING SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMS SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL SAFETY NETS SORGHUM STAPLE FOOD CROP STAPLE FOODS STORAGE FACILITIES SUBSISTENCE SUBSISTENCE CROPS SUFFICIENT FOOD SUGAR SUSTAINABLE GROWTH TARGETING TARGETING MECHANISMS TRANSFER PROGRAMS TUBERS URBAN AREAS VEGETABLES VULNERABILITY TO DROUGHT VULNERABLE GROUPS VULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS VULNERABLE PEOPLE WATER SOURCES WELFARE INDICATORS WFP WHEAT WORLD FOOD PROGRAM WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
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Washington, DC
Africa | Niger
2014-06-05T23:21:12Z | 2014-06-05T23:21:12Z | 2009-02-18

Niger is a very poor country that faces serious problems of poverty and household food insecurity. With a per capita gross national income (GNI) of US$240 and an estimated 62 percent of the population living below the poverty line, Niger is one of the lowest-ranked countries on the United Nations' human development index. Reducing vulnerability and ensuring food and nutrition security is an overarching priority for the Government. Maintaining food security at the national and household level is an important priority for developing countries in general, both for the welfare of the poor and for political stability. In order to ensure food security, governments have adopted various strategies, including efforts to increase staple food crop production, market interventions, and a variety of safety net programs, especially during emergencies. In Niger, where profound vulnerabilities combined with a high level of population growth have resulted in endemic food insecurity, the Government is faced with a serious challenge. In this context, the purpose of this study is to contribute to the existing strategy and assist the Government in developing a holistic, multi-sectoral, and institutional approach to reducing the population's vulnerability to food insecurity. This report adds value to the ongoing policy discussions in two ways: first, it presents new empirical analysis of: i) food insecurity and vulnerability of households during the period of food crises as well as during normal period, ii) the structure and integration of cereal markets within Niger and with markets in neighboring countries, and iii) causes of the 2005 food crisis, and lessons learned on implications of various levels of cross-border flows between Niger and Nigeria. Second, it provides concrete short- and medium-term recommendations for helping government to improve the performance of existing programs to increase food security, particularly related to preparedness for and responses to food crises, and to design efficient safety nets mechanisms for vulnerable population.

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